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Papaver nudicaule - L.

Common Name Arctic Poppy, Icelandic poppy
Family Papaveraceae
USDA hardiness 4-10
Known Hazards This plant is toxic to mammals, though the toxicity is low[76].
Habitats Stony slopes, river gravels and sandy meadows[74]. Dry, exposed, rocky openings such as on steep slopes, screes, and outcrops at elevations of 300 - 1000 metres in Alaska[270].
Range Northern sub-arctic regions.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Papaver nudicaule Arctic Poppy, Icelandic poppy


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Jnn
Papaver nudicaule Arctic Poppy, Icelandic poppy
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Maedin

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Red, White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Papaver nudicaule is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from June to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed
Edible Uses:

Leaves - cooked[2]. Very agreeable to the taste, the leaves are a good source of vitamin C[2]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity. Seed - raw or cooked. Oleaginous and antiscorbutic, the seed is very agreeable to the taste[2]. It contains some opium[61]. Caution is advised, see note at top of page.

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anodyne  Antiscorbutic  Diaphoretic

Anodyne, antiscorbutic[2, 61]. The flowers and seed capsules are mildly diaphoretic[240].

References

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Other Uses

Dye

Red and beige dyes are obtained from the flowers[168]. Yellow and brown dyes are obtained from the flower pods[168] (does this mean the immature flower bud or the developing seed head?).

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Alpine garden, Container, Foundation, Massing, Rock garden. Prefers a well-drained sandy loam in a sunny position[111, 200]. Prefers a fertile soil[200]. Prefers a deep soil that is poor and dry rather than rich, and strongly dislikes wet conditions[233]. Succeeds in dry soils. Prefers partial shade[188]. There are many named varieties selected for their ornamental value[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[233]. A short-lived perennial, it is often grown as an annual or biennial[200]. It often dies out in heavy soils or wet winters[111]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, North American native, Naturalizing, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Suitable for cut flowers, Fragrant flowers.

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ[111]. Plants can be transplanted[200]. Division in March or October with care[111]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer. Root cuttings 10cm long, November/December in a cold frame.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Dicentra cucullariaDutchman's BreechesPerennial0.1 5-9 MLMFSM02 
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Dicentra spectabilisBleeding Heart, Japanese Bleeding Heart, Common Bleeding HeartPerennial0.6 3-9 MLMSNM10 
Eschscholzia californicaCalifornian PoppyPerennial0.3 6-11 FLMHNDM132
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Meconopsis aculeata Perennial0.6 6-9  LMHSM12 
Meconopsis grandisBlue PoppyPerennial1.0 4-8  LMHSM10 
Meconopsis napaulensisHimalayan PoppyPerennial2.0 7-10  LMHSM11 
Papaver argemonePrickly Poppy, Long pricklyhead poppyAnnual0.4 7-10  LMHNM01 
Papaver dubiumLong-Head Poppy, BlindeyesAnnual0.5 6-9  LMHNM010
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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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