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Pancratium maritimum - L.

Common Name Sea Daffodil
Family Amaryllidaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards The bulb is somewhat poisonous[100].
Habitats Maritime sands or just above the high tide mark, along the Atlantic coast[45, 90, 129].
Range S. Europe.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Pancratium maritimum Sea Daffodil
Pancratium maritimum Sea Daffodil


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Pancratium maritimum is an evergreen Bulb growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in leaf all year, in flower in June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map



 Cultivated Beds; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root  Seed
Edible Uses:

Bulb - cooked[2, 105]. This report is somewhat dubious since there are reports that the bulb is poisonous. Seed[89]. No further details are given.


Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known


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Other Uses


The woolly hairs on the inside of the seed coat (should this say the seed case?) are used to weave felt shoes and other garments[89, 148].

Special Uses

Scented Plants


Cultivation details

Requires a light very well drained sandy soil in a very sunny position[42]. Requires a warm sheltered position when grown outdoors in Britain[200]. Requires a hot dry summer in order to fully ripen its bulb, it is more easily grown in a bulb frame in Britain[200]. Tolerates temperatures down to about -5°c[200], it is only hardy in the milder areas of Britain, requiring protection even there in the winter[1]. The bulb should be planted deeply and rapid spring growth should be encouraged[1]. Another report says that plants are easily grown outdoors in Britain but that the leaves are susceptible to frost damage and the plant does not flower well in an average British summer[90]. The flowers have an exotic lily scent[245].


Temperature Converter

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Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[200]. Pre-soak stored seed for 1 hour in warm water and then sow in spring in a warm greenhouse in a light sandy soil[1]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 22°c. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be left undisturbed in the pot for their first two years of growth. Give them an occasional liquid feed in the growing season to ensure they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants become dormant in late summer, pot up the small bulbs placing 2 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on for another one or two years in the greenhouse before planting them out when they are dormant in late summer. Division of offsets when the plant dies down in late summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References


Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Thu Dec 30 07:27:34 2004

This plant is found in Malta/Mediterranean basin/Europe

More comprehensive details, medicinal properties, uses, botanical data, plant description and photogallery of high resolutions photos of this plant can be seen on an interesting website about the wild plants of Malta:

Link: Malta Wild Plants Website and photography by Stephen Mifsud, Malta.

Marios Harakis   Thu Feb 9 2006

I found this plant in Cyprus grwing near the sea.

Thomas Gerlach   Thu Mar 30 2006

Very good page with a lot of useful informations! You can find many Pancratium m. also in Andalusia, Atlantic coast, in the dunes.

   Tue Sep 25 2007

Found this flowering in September on a beach near Volissos,Chios, Greece.

Antti S.   Fri Aug 14 2009

Abundant amount of them grow in Crete just on the sand seashore. We have just returned from there and have seen many of them blooming in places where perfprmed artificial irrigation. Amazing plant, charming fragrance. Flowers open at night. It's pity that b ec ause of the ground erosion many bulbs vere lying opened, we tried to plant them again in sutable places. :)

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