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Opopanax chironium - (L.)Koch.

Common Name Opopanax
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Stony ground, olive groves, vineyards etc[45].
Range S. Europe.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Opopanax chironium Opopanax


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Magnus_Manske
Opopanax chironium Opopanax
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Magnus_Manske

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Opopanax chironium is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.8 m (6ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 8-Oct It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen in August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Malabaila opopanax.

Habitats

Cultivated Beds.

Stony ground, olive groves, vineyards etc[45].

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Gum.

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Deobstruent.

The gum (an oleo resin according to one report) that is obtained from the base of the stems is antispasmodic and deobstruent[4]. It is nowadays considered to be a medium of feeble powers though it was at one time widely used in the treatment of menstrual disorders, asthma, chronic visceral afflictions etc[4].

Other Uses

Gum.

A gum is obtained through incisions in the roots at the base of the stems[4]. It is used in perfumery[1, 46, 61] and also in medicines[171]. The gum is inflammable, burning brightly[4].

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any good garden soil[1]. It can tolerate very considerable neglect, some plants we were growing were left to fend for themselves in very dense weed growth and survived well for 8 years before being moved to another site[K]. We are not sure how hardy this plant is, but the foliage has withstood short periods of temperatures down to -6°c with us[K]. A warm climate is necessary in order to produce good quality gum[4]. Plants seem to be very tolerant of root disturbance, specimens that had been growing for 4 years in one site grew away very well when transplanted as they came into growth in late autumn[K].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ. If seed is in short supply then it is best to sow it in a pot in the greenhouse in early spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in early summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(L.)Koch.

Botanical References

50

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Paul Barney   Fri Mar 16 2007

Hi Ken, Just to let you know. I grow this very successfully in the shade under an apple tree. From seed collected in Greece. Vigos Gorge. Best wishes Paul Barney Edulis Nursery

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Subject : Opopanax chironium  
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