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Nyssa aquatica - L.

Common Name Water Tupelo
Family Nyssaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Swamps, bottomlands, or sites periodically under water, in soils ranging from clay to rich silts[229].
Range South-eastern N. America - Virginia to Florida, west to Illinois and Texas.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Wet Soil Water Plants Semi-shade Full sun
Nyssa aquatica Water Tupelo


USDA / An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society
Nyssa aquatica Water Tupelo
www.flickr.com/photos/lucianvenutian

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval, Pyramidal.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Nyssa aquatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a medium rate. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can grow in water.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

N. uniflora.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Pond; Bog Garden;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - occasionally eaten raw but more often used in preserves[177, 183]. The fruit is up to 4cm long, it has a thick, tough skin with a thin acid flesh surrounding a large seed[82, 229].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Cork  Dye  Wood

The wood of the roots is sometimes used for making floats instead of cork[82]. A red dye can be obtained from the burnt bark mixed with water and the ash of red oak (Quercus rubra)[257]. Wood - light, close-grained, soft, difficult to split[82, 229, 235]. Tough according to one report[235], weak according to another[229]. It has an intricately contorted and twisted grain[82]. It weighs 29lb per cubic foot[235], and is used for various things such as panelling, broom handles, woodenware and crates[82, 229]. It is sometimes exploited commercially[229].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Specimen, Woodland garden. Although this is a plant of swamps and other wet soils in the wild, once established it can succeed in Britain when growing in an ordinary good loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[1]. This plant probably requires a very wet soil, it is very difficult to establish in Britain, though it should be hardy at least in the milder parts of the country. It prefers a neutral to alkaline soil[200]. Plants are fast-growing in well-drained bottomlands in the wild, but slower in swampy sites[229]. They are long-lived trees, commencing to bear seeds when about 30 years old and usually producing heavy crops each year[229]. The seed is mainly distributed by water[229]. Resents root disturbance[1]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features: North American native, Wetlands plant, Attracts butterflies, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

The seed can be sown in late winter in a cold frame[78] but would probably benefit from an earlier sowing if the seed can be obtained any sooner. Three months stratification at 5°c improves germination[200]. Germination rates are variable[78]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Nyssa ogecheOgeechee Lime, Ogeechee tupeloTree15.0 0-0  LMHSNMWe20 
Nyssa sylvaticaBlack Tupelo, Blackgum, Sour Gum, Black TupeloTree15.0 4-9 MLMHSNM21 

 

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Subject : Nyssa aquatica  
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