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Nothofagus solanderi - (Hook.f.)Oerst.

Common Name Black Beech
Family Fagaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowland and montane forest between latitudes 38°s and 44°s on North and South Islands[44].
Range New Zealand.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Nothofagus solanderi Black Beech


Nothofagus solanderi Black Beech

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Nothofagus solanderi is an evergreen Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf all year. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Fagus solanderi.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Wood

Wood - heavy, tough, strong, durable. Used for making bridges, gateposts etc[46, 61].

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Prefers an open well-drained loamy soil in a sunny position[1, 200]. Succeeds on most soils but dislikes calcareous soils[11]. Prefers a pH between 5 and 7 but dislikes acid peats[200]. This species is only hardy in the milder areas of Britain[1]. It is hardy and growing reasonably well at Crarae in western Scotland, though it is not as robust as the sub-species N. solanderi cliffortioides[191]. Trees have poor wind resistance in Britain, probably because they grow so fast[11]. Trees up to 4 metres tall can be successfully established, though the optimum size for transplanting is about 30 - 80cm. The roots are very sensitive to desiccation and extreme care should be taken when transplanting them[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cool greenhouse or cold frame. Spring-sown seed requires 2 - 3 months stratification at 1 - 5°c[200]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in the cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed must not be allowed to dry out according to one report[80] whilst another says that the seed can be stored dry at 2°c for long periods[200]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 6 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[78]. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Nothofagus betuloides Tree20.0 6-9 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus cunninghamiiMyrtle BeechTree55.0 8-11 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus fuscaRed BeechTree35.0 8-11 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus menziesiiSilver BeechTree20.0 8-11 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus obliquaRoblé, Roble beechTree20.0 6-9 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus proceraRauliTree20.0 6-9 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus pumilioLengaTree40.0 6-9 MLMHNM10 
Nothofagus solanderi cliffortioidesMountain BeechTree30.0 7-10 FLMHNM00 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Hook.f.)Oerst.

Botanical References

1144200

Links / References

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