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Nothofagus betuloides - (Mirb.)Blume.

Common Name
Family Fagaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dominant or locally dominant in evergreen forest on better drained sites in areas of higher rainfall from sea level to 500 metres in S. Chile[69].
Range S. America - Argentina, Chile.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Nothofagus betuloides


(c) Mr. Jorge Vallmitjana
Nothofagus betuloides
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Nothofagus betuloides is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf all year, in flower in May. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Fagus betuloides.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Containers;  Lighting;  Wood.

The bark is used for making buckets and torches, it is also used as a torch which suggests that it is rich in resin[69]. Wood - heavy, hard. It has similar uses to Fagus sylvatica, the native Beech[46, 61].

Cultivation details

Prefers an open well-drained loamy soil in a sunny position[1, 200]. Succeeds on most soils but dislikes calcareous soils[200]. Prefers a pH between 5 and 7, but dislikes acid peats[200]. This species is fairly hardy in southern Britain[1] but it only makes a shrub in exposed positions[200]. A 30 year old tree (1992) has made remarkable growth at Crarae in western Scotland[191]. Trees have poor wind resistance in Britain, probably because they grow so fast[11]. Dislikes cold winds but is tolerant of warm moist winds[166]. Trees up to 4 metres tall can be successfully established, though the optimum size for transplanting is about 30 - 80cm. The roots are very sensitive to desiccation and extreme care should be taken when transplanting them[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cool greenhouse or cold frame. Spring-sown seed requires 2 - 3 months stratification at 1 - 5°c[200]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in the cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed must not be allowed to dry out according to one report[80] whilst another says that the seed can be stored dry at 2°c for long periods[200]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 6 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[78]. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Mirb.)Blume.

Botanical References

1169200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

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Subject : Nothofagus betuloides  
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