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Narcissus jonquilla - L.

Common Name Jonquil
Family Amaryllidaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Although we have no records for this species, many if not all members of this genus are poisonous[K].
Habitats Rocky hillsides, often on limestone[90], also in meadows and damp places[50].
Range Europe - Mediterranean.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Narcissus jonquilla Jonquil


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Narcissus jonquilla Jonquil
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Cillas

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Narcissus jonquilla is a BULB growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in April. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers.
Edible Uses:

Flowers - raw or candied and made into desserts[183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Essential.

An essential oil obtained from the flowers is used in perfumery[61, 100, 171]. 1 kg of flowers yields 1g absolute of essential oil[46].

Cultivation details

Prefers a deep rather stiff soil but succeeds in most soils[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Easily grown in a dry sunny position[90]. Prefers an alkaline soil with a pH between 7 and 8[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is widely cultivated around the Mediterranean for its essential oil[50]. The blooms, which are almost intoxicatingly scented, have an undertone of orange in their perfume[245]. The double form, 'flora Pleno' is even more powerfully scented[245].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. A short stratification will improve the germination of stored seed. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be left undisturbed in the pot for their first two years of growth. Give them an occasional liquid feed in the growing season to ensure they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants become dormant in the summer, pot up the small bulbs placing 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on for another one or two years in the greenhouse before planting them out when they are dormant in late summer. Division of bulbs after the leaves die down in early summer[1]. Larger bulbs can be replanted immediately into their permanent positions, or can be stored in a cool place and then be planted out in the autumn. It is best to pot up the smaller bulbs and grow them on for a year before planting them out when dormant in the autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Anemone narcissifloraNarcissus-Flowered Anemone, Narcissus anemone10
Narcissus poeticusPoet's Narcissus01
Narcissus pseudonarcissusWild Daffodil, Daffodil02
Narcissus tazettaBunchflower Daffodil, Cream narcissus02

 

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Author

L.

Botanical References

50200

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