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Nageia wallichiana - (C.Presl) Kuntze

Common Name Nageia
Family Podocarpaceae
USDA hardiness 9-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats A sub-canopy to canopy tree, scattered but often common in primary rainforest with canopy heights to 50 metres or more, occurring from lowlands to montane forested ridges at elevations to 2,100 metres[338 ].
Range E. Asia - southwest China, India, Myanmar, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Tender Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Nageia wallichiana Nageia

Nageia wallichiana Nageia


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Nageia wallichiana or commonly known as Nageia is a conifer tree that can be about 10 - 50 m tall. It has a straight and cylindrical trunk that can be up to 60 cm in diameter and branchless for up to 30 m. It is grown throughout Vietnam, Thailand, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, and Malaysia where it is highly valued for its timber. It is also used for local medicine and as an ornamental tree. Leaves are used against coughs and painful joints. Trunk exudes scented resin. The wood is used for musical instruments, crafts, construction, furniture, and tools. It is also used for fuel.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Nageia wallichiana is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.


Decussocarpus wallichianus (C.Presl) de Laub. Nageia blumei (Endl.) Gordon Nageia latifolia Gordon P


Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Leaves are used as a cure for coughs[338 ]. A decoction of the leaves is taken orally as treatment for painful joints[338 ]

Other Uses

Other Uses A reddish-orange, scented resin exudes from the bole[443 ]. A highly valued wood, it is used for musical instruments, chop sticks, fine crafts, furniture, construction and household tools[443 ]. Long timber is sawn into planks for construction (mainly house building); other uses of the wood are plywood, veneer, interior finishing, and sometimes the construction of small canoes[338 ]. The wood is used for fuel[443 ].

Cultivation details

This is the most widespread species in the genus Nageia and perhaps also one of the most truly tropical of all conifers, as it occurs near sea level in Dipterocarp forest on the equator as well as being found in subtropical forests[338 ]. Based on data from 64 collection localities, its climate preferences include a mean annual temperature of 24.7?c, with an average minimum in the coldest month of 19?c, and a mean annual precipitation of 2711mm. It is hardy to Zone 9 (cold hardiness limit between -6.6?c and -1.1?c[329 ]. Plants can succeed in soils with low levels of nutrients[338 ]. A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[443 ].


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Seed -

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here


Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Thailand; Viet Nam

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Least Concern

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Nageia nagiNagi, Nagi Podocarpus, Broadleaf Podocarpus10


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(C.Presl) Kuntze

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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