We need to raise £10,000 from user donations to get our finances in balance. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Musa_x_paradisiaca - L.

Common Name Banana
Family Musaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known
Range Only known as a cultivated plant, it is a hybrid of M. Acuminata × M. Balbisiana.
Edibility Rating    (5 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Musa_x_paradisiaca Banana


http://www.botanicimage.com
Musa_x_paradisiaca Banana
Ruestz wikimedia.org

 

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary

Banana (Musa x paradisiaca), a hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana, is a perennial, herbaceous plant growing about 8 m in height. It is a staple food with a wide range of medicinal and other uses. The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked. Male inflorescences are used as ingredient in curries. The inner stem can be boiled and eaten, or dried then made into flour. The leaves are used as food wrapper. Medicinally, different plant parts are used in the treatment of diarrhea, epilepsy, headache, cough, bronchitis, dysentery, furuncles, wounds, and swelling. Propagation is through sword suckers.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Musa_x_paradisiaca is an evergreen Perennial growing to 8 m (26ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Birds, Bats.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant is not wind tolerant.

Synonyms

Karkandela × malabarica Raf. Musa × acutibracteata M.Hotta, Musa × alphurica Miq. Musa × aphurica Ru

Habitats

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked. Dessert forms are sweet and succulent when fully ripe and are widely eaten out of hand, though they are very versatile and are used in a wide variety of other ways. For example, they are commonly used with other juicier fruits to make smoothies, they can be baked, cooked in cakes, dried for later use etc. Plantains are richer in starch and contain less sugars. Whilst these are more commonly cooked as a vegetable, when fully ripe they make a very acceptable raw fruit[K ]. Male inflorescences are eaten in curries or cooked with coconut milk[301 ]. The inner stem can be boiled and eaten, or can be dried and made into a flour and starch[301 ]. Blanched shoots that sprout from the base can be roasted and eaten[301 ]. The leaves are commonly used for wrapping foods that are to be cooked - especially glutinous rice dishes. They impart a distinctive flavour and a greenish colour[301 ]. Nectar of the flowers is consumed[301 ]. The ashes of the plant can be used as a salt substitute[301 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The unripe fruits and their sap are astringent and haemostatic[254 , 348 ]. They are eaten, often roasted, as a treatment for diarrhoea[254 , 348 ]. The fruit is used to treat epilepsy[348 ]. The peeled and sliced fruit is placed on the forehead to relieve the heat of a headache[348 ]. The peel of the fruit is considered an abortive[348 ]. The leaves, dried and made into a syrup, are used to treat coughs and chest conditions such as bronchitis[254 ]. An infusion of the banana leaf, combined with sugarcane roots, is used to hasten childbirth[348 ]. The leaves are applied as a vesicant on blistering[348 ]. It is tied onto the forehead to relieve a headache[348 ]. The pulp of the trunk is made into an infusion to soothe dysentery[348 ]. A liquid collected at a cut stem is an antiseptic that is applied to furuncles and wounds[348 ]. The root is strongly astringent and has been used to arrest the coughing up of blood[254 ]. Applied externally, the juice of the root is used to treat carbuncles and swellings[348 ]. The flowers are astringent[272 ]. The fruit contains two vasoconstrictors: norepinephrine (a chemical used to raise blood pressure) and dopamine. Norepinephrine is good for a weak heart[348 ]. The fruit is also rich in vitamin A[348 ]. Sap of the fruit contains serothine, which has an action on the long muscles[348 ].

Other Uses

Other Uses The large leaves are used as plates for eating food[272 ]. The leaf sheath is used as a temporary binding[272 ]. The juice of the roots is used as a hair tonic[348 ].

Cultivation details

The optimal temperature for fruit production is about 27°c, and night time temperatures should not fall much below 18°c when the fruit is ripening or flavour can be impaired[200 ]. Requires a sunny sheltered position in a well-drained fertile soil with a pH between 6 and 7.5[200 ]. There are very many named varieties, but two main types can be distinguished:- Dessert bananas which become very sweet when fully ripe. Plantains, which contain more carbohydrate and are more commonly cooked.

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - sow the large seed in individual pots in the spring in a warm greenhouse at about 20°c[200 ]. Grow the seedlings on in a rich soil, giving occasional liquid feeds. Keep the plants in the greenhouse for at least three years before trying them outdoors. Division of suckers in late spring. Dig up the suckers with care, trying to cause the least disturbance to the main plant. Pot them up and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a greenhouse until they are well established.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Banana, Amenvu, Cheek nam' vaa, Chuoi, Guineo, Hakua, Hopa, It'ath, Jaina, Kawadar, Keepran, Kele, Kera, Kluai, Kwayz, Leka, Maika, Meika, Mgomba, Moni, Ndizi, Nget pyo thee, Peint, Pinana, Pisang, Platano, Saging, Sou, Te banana, Te bunti, Te oraora, Uchu, Uht, Usr, Vudi, bananenbaum, bananier, ess-banane, paradise banana, plantain, plátano.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Amazon, Andamans, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Brunei, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central Africa, Central African Republic, Central America, China, Colombia, Congo, Congo R, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Dominica, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Equatorial French Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guiana, Guam, Guinea, Guinée, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Laos, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mexico, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Africa, North America, Pacific, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, SE Asia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South America, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Lucia, Sudan, Suriname, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Uganda, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Musa_x_paradisiaca  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.