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Morus mongolica - (Bur.)Schneid.

Common Name Mongolian Mulberry
Family Moraceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats On cliffs and in ravines to 2000 metres in W. China[109]. Mountain slopes, high mountains and forests at elevations of 500 - 3500 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Morus mongolica Mongolian Mulberry


Morus mongolica Mongolian Mulberry

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

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Morus mongolica is a deciduous Tree growing to 7.5 m (24ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). . The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

M. alba mongolica.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[3, 105]. Sweet but insipid[1, 11]. Palatable[109, 177]. The fruit is up to 25mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses

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Miscellany

The bark is used medicinally[266]. No more details are given.

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Other Uses

Fibre  Miscellany

The fibers of the bark are raw material for textile and paper making[266].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a warm well-drained loamy soil in a sunny position[1, 11]. Closely allied to M. alba[1], and considered to be no more than part of that species by some botanists[200]. Mulberries have brittle roots and so need to be handled with care when planting them out[238]. Any pruning should only be carried out in the winter when the plant is fully dormant because mulberries bleed badly when cut[238]. Ideally prune only badly placed branches and dead wood[238]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. This species is dioecious[266]. Both male and female plants will need to be grown if fruit is required.

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Propagation

The seed germinates best if given 2 - 3 months cold stratification[80, 98]. Sow the seed as soon as it is ripe if possible, otherwise in February in a cold frame. The seed usually germinates in the first spring, though it sometimes takes another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Plant out in spring. A good percentage take, though they sometimes fail to thrive[78, 113]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, 25 - 30cm with a heel of 2 year old wood, autumn or early spring in a cold frame or a shady bed outside[78, 113, 200]. Bury the cuttings to threequarters of their depth. Layering in autumn[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Morus albaWhite Mulberry, Common Mulberry,Tree18.0 4-9 MLMHSNM434
Morus alba multicaulisWhite MulberryTree18.0 4-8  LMHSNM43 
Morus australisKorean Mulberry, Aino MulberryTree7.5 6-9 FLMHSNM22 
Morus bombycisKuwaTree8.0 5-9  LMHSNM22 
Morus cathayanaHua SangTree15.0 5-9  LMHSNM20 
Morus macrouraHimalayan MulberryTree10.0 7-10  LMHSNM21 
Morus mesozygiaAfrican mulberryTree30.0 10-12 FLMHNM234
Morus microphyllaTexas MulberryTree6.0 5-9  LMHSNM20 
Morus nigraBlack MulberryTree10.0 5-9 SLMHSNM533
Morus rubraRed Mulberry, Common Mulberry, White MulberryTree15.0 4-9  LMHSNM322
Morus serrataHimalayan MulberryTree20.0 -  LMHSNM21 
Morus speciesMulberryTree10.0 - MLMHSNM40 
Rubus chamaemorusCloudberryPerennial0.3 0-0  LMHNMWe412

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Bur.)Schneid.

Botanical References

11200266

Links / References

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Subject : Morus mongolica  
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