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Morus macroura - Miq.

Common Name Himalayan Mulberry
Family Moraceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forests in the mountains of Szechwan[109]. Open hillsides at elevations of 1000 - 2000 metres in Nepal[272].
Range E. Asia - S. China to the Himalayas and Burma.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Morus macroura Himalayan Mulberry


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Morus macroura Himalayan Mulberry
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Morus macroura is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

M. cuspidata. Wallich. M. laevigata. Wallich.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary; Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. Dry and insipid[146]. Sweetish [183] when fully ripe[158, 272]. The yellowish-white fruit is 6 - 12cm long[266].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent.

The juice of the bark is applied to cuts and wounds[272].

Other Uses

Dye;  Fibre;  Wood.

The plant is used for paper making[266]. No further details are given, but it is almost certainly the bark that is used as the source of fibre[K]. A colour is distilled from the wood and leaves[266]. Wood - hard, close grained with a beautiful lustre. Used for furniture, construction etc[146, 272].

Cultivation details

Prefers a warm well-drained loamy soil in a sunny position[1, 11]. Not very hardy in the colder parts of Britain, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. Mulberries have brittle roots and so need to be handled with care when planting them out[238]. Any pruning should only be carried out in the winter when the plant is fully dormant because mulberries bleed badly when cut[238]. Ideally prune only badly placed branches and dead wood[238]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

The seed germinates best if given 2 - 3 months cold stratification[80, 98]. Sow the seed as soon as it is ripe if possible, otherwise in February in a cold frame. The seed usually germinates in the first spring, though it sometimes takes another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Plant out in spring. A good percentage take, though they sometimes fail to thrive[78, 113]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, 25 - 30cm with a heel of 2 year old wood, autumn or early spring in a cold frame or a shady bed outside[78, 113, 200]. Bury the cuttings to threequarters of their depth. Layering in autumn[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Morus albaWhite Mulberry, Common Mulberry,43
Morus alba multicaulisWhite Mulberry43
Morus australisKorean Mulberry, Aino Mulberry22
Morus bombycisKuwa22
Morus cathayanaHua Sang20
Morus mesozygiaAfrican mulberry23
Morus microphyllaTexas Mulberry20
Morus mongolicaMongolian Mulberry21
Morus nigraBlack Mulberry53
Morus rubraRed Mulberry, Common Mulberry, White Mulberry32
Morus serrataHimalayan Mulberry21
Morus speciesMulberry40
Rubus chamaemorusCloudberry41

 

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Expert comment

Author

Miq.

Botanical References

109200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

aswaldi anwar   Tue Jul 18 2006

We have the same species of M. macroura in West Sumatra Indonesia but I'm sure those trees are different. Our morus are dioecious, male and female flower in different plant. I hope to share more information each other. Thank you. My best regards aldi Lecturer in Faculty of Agriculture andalas university, Padang Indonesia.

MARCOS   Sat Oct 4 2008

ESTOU PROCURANDO MUDAS DE DIVERSOS TIPOS DE MORUS, TANTO DA MACROURA E OUTRAS, FAVOR INFORMAR SE TEM PARA VENDER.

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