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Mirabilis multiflora - (Torr.)A.Gray.

Common Name Four O'clock Plant, Colorado four o'clock
Family Nyctaginaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hillsides and mesas, often amongst rocks and shrubs[192]. Gravelly or sandy soils, pinyon-juniper woodlands, ponderosa pine forests at elevations of 300 - 2300 metres[270].
Range Southern N. America - Texas to Colorado and Utah.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Mirabilis multiflora Four O


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
Mirabilis multiflora Four O
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Mirabilis multiflora is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

The dried root can be ground into a powder, mixed with cereal flours and used to make a bread[257]. This bread is eaten to reduce the appetite[257].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Hallucinogenic;  Poultice;  Stomachic.

The root is used in the treatment of stomach complaints[192]. A pinch of the powdered root is said to relieve hunger[207], it can also be used after overeating to relieve the discomfort[257]. A poultice of the powdered root can be applied to swellings[257]. Large quantities of the root are said to cause intoxication[192]. The root was chewed by native North American Medicine men to induce visions whilst making a diagnosis[257].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Requires a fertile well-drained soil in full sun or part-day shade[200]. Plants flower in their first year from seed and, although they are not very hardy in Britain, tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c when in a suitable situation[260], they can either be grown as half-hardy annuals or the tubers can be harvested in the autumn and stored overwinter in a cool frost-free place in much the same manner as dahlias[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed remains viable for several years[196]. Division in spring as the plant comes into growth[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Mirabilis expansaMauka30
Mirabilis jalapaMarvel Of Peru, Miracle Flower of Peru, Four O'Clock22
Mirabilis nyctagineaWild Four O'clock Plant, Heartleaf four o'clock02
Viola mirabiliswonder violet31

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Torr.)A.Gray.

Botanical References

200270

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Todd   Fri Sep 29 2006

grows in sand. seeds without holes may germinate. loves full desert sand. starts growing and flowering with fall rains. roots grow deeper than I would ever try to dig, and I've dug some 4' roots as big as 6" diameter. the top of the root can be replanted-don't get greedy. It does placate hunger. leaves a peppery taste at the back of the tongue. sortof dries the throat. good to get one home after a long day of hunting when you're out of water and food. gorgeous plant. a wonder of beauty in stark environment and terrain. it'll get you home. never felt more than satiation of the tummy and mind. I'm going to extract some real stuff and see if anybody can help me figure out some of the chemistry in this grandpa root I just dug.

D. Evans   Mon Feb 19 2007

Mirabilis multiflora, grown in the Southwestern United States, is known to tolerate very dry soil once established. It waits for the monsoon rains of summer to appear and bloom. No cultivation is necessary. It survives winter's below freezing temperatures and the hottest summers.

zoila Lehrkinder   Wed Sep 5 2007

Re: Mirabilis multiflora I like to hear from "Todd Fri Sep 29 2006". I can help him to figure out how to use this grandpa root he just dug.

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