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Melittis melissophyllum - L.

Common Name Bastard Balm
Family Lamiaceae or Labiatae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hedges, scrub and mountain woods[187].
Range Central and southern Europe, including Britain.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade
Melittis melissophyllum Bastard Balm


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Melittis_melissophyllum_Sturm31.jpg
Melittis melissophyllum Bastard Balm

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Melittis melissophyllum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from May to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, moths.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

M. grandiflora. M. sylvestris.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Tea

A coumarin scented (like new-mown hay) herb, it is occasionally used for making a 'Maiwein' or 'Maibowle' type of beverage[183].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent  Blood purifier  Diuretic  Emmenagogue  Sedative  Vulnerary

Astringent, blood purifier, diuretic, emmenagogue, sedative, vulnerary[61].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

Scented Plants

References

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any good soil in partial shade[1, 187]. Prefers a rich loam[1]. Grows well in thickets, woodland edges and the garden border[1]. Plants are hardy to about -20°c[187]. The flowers have a pleasing sweet honey-like scent[245]. The leaves become sweetly fragrant as they dry[245], they retain their fragrance for a long time[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233].

References

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame in the autumn[188]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring[200] or autumn[188]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

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