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Marah macrocarpus - (Greene.)Greene.

Common Name Chilicothe, Cucamonga manroot
Family Cucurbitaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry places below 900 metres[71].
Range South-western N. America - California.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Marah macrocarpus Chilicothe,  Cucamonga manroot


http://www.flickr.com/photos/emmvl/
Marah macrocarpus Chilicothe,  Cucamonga manroot
http://www.flickr.com/photos/73431753@N00/

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Marah macrocarpus is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 5 m (16ft 5in) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 8. It is in flower from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Echinocystis macrocarpa. Greene.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Parasiticide  Purgative  Skin

The root is purgative[61, 257]. The seed is made into a paste and used as a treatment on pimples and skin sores[257]. The oil from the seed is rubbed into the scalp to treat diseased scalps and hair roots[257]. The plant juices can be used as a parasiticide, rubbed onto areas of skin affected by ringworm[257].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Dye  Paint  Parasiticide  Soap

A red dye is obtained from the seed[61]. It can be mixed with iron oxide and turpentine to make a paint[257]. The root is used to make a detergent lather[257].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a sunny position in a well-drained rich soil with abundant moisture[1, 175]. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[175]. Plants are found in dry soils in the wild so this suggests that they will be better off in a dry soil in this country[K]. A perennial plant, it is not very hardy in Britain, tolerating temperatures down to about -5°c, and is perhaps best grown as an annual. A climbing plant, supporting itself by means of tendrils[219].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in pots of rich soil in a greenhouse. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 2 weeks at 20°c. Put 2 or 3 seeds in each pot and thin to the best plant. Grow on fast and plant out after the last expected frosts.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Marah fabaceusBigroot, California manrootPerennial Climber6.0 7-10  LMHNM10 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Greene.)Greene.

Botanical References

71200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Brian Taraz   Mon Apr 11 18:16:19 2005

It is April 2005. Due to historic rain Marah Macrocarpus is all over San Diego. Most significant is the abundance of the green, spikey fruit. As to "edibility" I have found that the "meat" of the seed is quite edible but requires the sloughing off of the green seed coat. That taste begins sweet and finishes with a bitterness, mostly due to the oil. Seeds that are sun-dried still retain the meat but there is more oil when pressed and the resulting paste is like Marzipan in consistency.

Link: Dennis Albert home page At bottom of home page click on "Wild Cucumber"

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