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Malus ioensis - (A.W.Wood.)Britton.

Common Name Prairie Crab, Prairie crab apple, Texas crab apple, Prairie Crabapple
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 3-8
Known Hazards All members of this genus contain the toxin hydrogen cyanide in their seeds and possibly also in their leaves, but not in their fruits. Hydrogen cyanide is the substance that gives almonds their characteristic taste but it should only be consumed in very small quantities. Apple seeds do not normally contain very high quantities of hydrogen cyanide but, even so, should not be consumed in very large quantities. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Habitats Open woods, thickets, pastures, along streams etc, with a preference for calcareous soils[228].
Range Central N. America - Indiana to Minnesota, south to Texas and Louisiana.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Malus ioensis Prairie Crab, Prairie crab apple, Texas crab apple, Prairie Crabapple


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2
Malus ioensis Prairie Crab, Prairie crab apple, Texas crab apple, Prairie Crabapple
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Summary

Bloom Color: Pink, White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Malus ioensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 5 m (16ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Pyrus ioensis.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[105, 159, 183, 257]. Up to 4cm in diameter[229]. Harsh and astringent[1, 227, K], it is best baked or made into preserves. It makes excellent jellies and cider[229].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Wood.

Wood - heavy. Of no commercial importance[229].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses: Border, Specimen. An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most fertile soils, preferring a moisture retentive well-drained loamy soil[1, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Dislikes chalky soils, this is especially true for the cultivar 'Plena'[200]. Prefers a sunny position but succeeds in partial shade though it fruits less well in such a situation[200]. A slow-growing and short-lived species in the wild[229], it produces suckers from the roots and often forms thickets[228]. This species is closely related to M. coronaria[1]. It hybridizes freely with other members of the genus[200]. There are many named forms, selected for their ornamental value[200]. The fruit is a good wildlife food source, especially for birds[200]. The plant fruits very heavily in southern Britain[K]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:North American native, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. It usually germinates in late winter. Stored seed requires stratification for 3 months at 1°c and should be sown in a cold frame as soon as it is received[200]. It might not germinate for 12 months or more. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. If given a rich compost they usually grow away quickly and can be large enough to plant out in late summer, though consider giving them some protection from the cold in their first winter. Otherwise, keep them in pots in a cold frame and plant them out in late spring of the following year. Cuttings of mature wood, November in a frame[11].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Malus angustifoliaSouthern Crab, Southern crab apple20
Malus baccataChinese Crab, Siberian crab apple21
Malus baccata mandschuricaManchurian Apple40
Malus bracteata 20
Malus brevipes 20
Malus coronariaGarland Crab, Sweet crab apple31
Malus domesticaApple52
Malus florentinaHawthorn-leaf crab apple20
Malus floribundaJapanese Crab, Japanese flowering crab apple30
Malus fuscaOregon Crab, Oregon crab apple32
Malus glabrata 20
Malus glaucescens 20
Malus hallianaHall crab apple20
Malus halliana spontanea 20
Malus hupehensisChinese Crab, Chinese crab apple, Tea Crabapple, Flowering Tea Crabapple20
Malus ioensis palmeriPrairie Crab20
Malus kansuensis 20
Malus lancifolia 20
Malus praecox 20
Malus prattiiPratt apple20
Malus prunifoliaChinese Apple, Plumleaf crab apple40
Malus prunifolia rinkiiChinese Apple30
Malus pumilaParadise Apple, Common Apple, Apple Tree32
Malus pumila nervosaCrab Apple30
Malus pumila paradisiacaParadise Apple30
Malus sargentiiSargent's apple, Sargent Crabapple20
Malus sieversii 30
Malus sikkimensis 20
Malus spectabilisChinese Flowering Apple, Asiatic apple30
12

 

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Author

(A.W.Wood.)Britton.

Botanical References

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