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Maianthemum canadense - Desf.

Common Name Canada Beadruby, Canada mayflower
Family Convallariaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards There is a warning that the fruit should only be used with caution, but no more details are given[105].
Habitats Woods and recent clearings, often to the sub-alpine zone[43], in humus-rich slightly acid soils[200].
Range Eastern N. America - Labrador to Georgia, west to Tennessee and Iowa.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade
Maianthemum canadense Canada Beadruby, Canada mayflower


Maianthemum canadense Canada Beadruby, Canada mayflower
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Jomegat

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Maianthemum canadense is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

M. bifolium.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Ground Cover;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit[105, 161, 257]. We have no more details except a warning that the fruit should be used with caution. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Expectorant;  Kidney.

A tea made from the plant has been used in the treatment of headaches and as a kidney tonic for pregnant women[222, 257]. It is also used as a gargle for sore throats and as an expectorant[222, 257].

Other Uses

Plants can be used as ground cover in shady positions[187, 197], doing well in a wild or woodland garden[200].

Cultivation details

Requires a cool shady moist but not wet position[1, 187]. Plants tolerate warm summers only if the soil remains moist[200]. A mat forming plant, it can be invasive in good conditions[200]. The flowers are sweetly scented[245].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown quite thinly it as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it should germinate in the spring. Stored seed should be sown in late winter in a cold frame, it might take 18 months to germinate. Allow the seedlings to grow on in the pot for their first year, giving liquid feeds as necessary to ensure that they do not go hungry. Divide the plants into individual pots once they have died down in late summer. Grow them on in pots for another year or more until large enough to plant out[K]. Division as new growth commences in the spring. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Maianthemum dilatatumWild Lily Of The Valley, False lily of the valley21

 

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Author

Desf.

Botanical References

43200

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Subject : Maianthemum canadense  
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