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Mahonia lomariifolia - Takeda.

Common Name Chinese hollygrape
Family Berberidaceae
USDA hardiness 8-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forests around 2000 metres[184].
Range E. Asia - W. China to Burma.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Mahonia lomariifolia Chinese hollygrape


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Andel
Mahonia lomariifolia Chinese hollygrape
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring, Mid winter. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Mahonia lomariifolia is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf all year, in flower from January to March, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. The oval fruit is about 5 - 8mm long, it is quite juicy and has a nice acid flavour that children tend to love though many adults are less sure. The fruit is especially nice when added to muesli or porridge[K]. Unfortunately, there is often relatively little flesh and a lot of seeds, though plants often also produce seedless fruits[K]. Unlike many members of this species, the seedless fruits of this plant do not have a bitter flavour[K].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibacterial;  Antitumor;  Tonic.

Berberine, universally present in rhizomes of Mahonia species, has marked antibacterial effects[218] and is used as a bitter tonic[213]. Since it is not appreciably absorbed by the body, it is used orally in the treatment of various enteric infections, especially bacterial dysentery[218]. It should not be used with Glycyrrhiza species (Liquorice) because this nullifies the effects of the berberine[218]. Berberine has also shown antitumour activity[218]. The root and root bark are best harvested in the autumn[213].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Foundation, Massing, Specimen, Woodland garden. Succeeds in any good garden soil. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Dislikes windy positions. Prefers a shady sheltered position, growing well in woodland according to one report whilst another says that it requires a warm sunny sheltered position. This species tolerates temperatures down to about -10°c when it is fully dormant[184], but plants can be badly damaged by cold drying winds[184] and are not fully hardy in the colder parts of Britain. The young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. The flowers are fragrant[245]. There is some confusion over the flowering and fruiting times of this species, I have seen some plants flowering in mid to late spring, whilst others have flowered in the winter and ripen their fruit in late spring to early summer - more research needs to be carried out in order to check if more than one species is grown under this name[K]. Very tolerant of pruning, it can be cut right back into old wood if it has outgrown its welcome[182]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus. Resistant to honey fungus[88]. Special Features: Not North American native, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[78]. It usually germinates in the spring[K]. 'Green' seed (harvested when the embryo has fully developed but before the seed case has dried) should be sown as soon as it is harvested and germinates within 6 weeks[K]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible in late winter or spring. 3 weeks cold stratification will improve its germination, which should take place in 3 - 6 months at 10°c. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their next winter. Division of suckers in spring[78]. Whilst they can be placed direct into their permanent positions, better results are achieved if they are potted up and placed in a frame until established[11]. Leaf cuttings in the autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Australia, China*, Indochina, Myanmar*, SE Asia, Taiwan, Tasmania,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Mahonia aquifoliumOregon Grape, Hollyleaved barberry, Oregon Holly Grape, Oregon Holly33
Mahonia bealeiBeale's barberry, Leatherleaf Mahonia32
Mahonia confusa 32
Mahonia flavida 20
Mahonia fortuneiFortune's Mahonia32
Mahonia fremontiiMahonia, Fremont's mahonia32
Mahonia ganpinensis 12
Mahonia gracilipes 22
Mahonia gracilisMexican Barberry20
Mahonia haematocarpaMexican Barberry, Red barberry32
Mahonia japonica 32
Mahonia napaulensis 32
Mahonia nervosaOregon Grape, Cascade barberry32
Mahonia neviniiNevin's barberry32
Mahonia pinnataCalifornia Barberry, Wavyleaf barberry, Island barberry, Creeping Holly Grape32
Mahonia pumilaDwarf Barberry32
Mahonia repensCreeping Oregon Grape, Creeping barberry, Grape Oregon33
Mahonia swaseyiTexas Mahonia, Texas barberry32
Mahonia trifoliolataMexican Barberry, Algerita32
Mahonia x media 32

 

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Expert comment

Author

Takeda.

Botanical References

11200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Norman Shockley   Wed May 2 2007

While pruning this shrub/tree two days ago, I was bothered with numerous pricks from the spiky leaves. I should have changed to heavier golves. Then several large spikes pierced the back of my hand. It immediately hurt, and felt damaged deep inside. It especially hurt to move two of my fingers. Two days later it is badly swollen, and the discomfort and immobility has increased. Is this plant toxic? How should I treat this problem? Please advise ASAP, and thank you very much. Norm Shockley neshock@gmail.com

C Ecroyd   Wed Jun 6 2007

The correct name for this plant is probably Mahonia oiwakensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Form.6:1.1916. see Flora of Taiwan and also http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/mss/volume07/Berberidaceae-AGH_edited.htm

Flora of China Flora of China online

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