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Lycopodium selago - L.

Common Name Fir Clubmoss
Family Lycopodiaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards The plant is an active narcotic poison[172, 192].
Habitats Usually in open habitats on heaths, moors, mountain grasslands, rock ledges and mountain tops to 1300 metres[17].
Range Arctic and N. temperate zone, including Britain, south to Spain, the Himalayas and Oregon.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade
Lycopodium selago Fir Clubmoss


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Lycopodium selago Fir Clubmoss
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of fern
Lycopodium selago is a FERN growing to 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses:

The plant is edible[161, 177]. Caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

Medicinal Uses

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Analgesic  Emetic  Homeopathy  Hypnotic  Purgative

The plant is hypnotic[192]. Chewing three stems is said to induce mild intoxication whilst eight can cause unconsciousness[192, 213]. The plant has been used as a fast-acting emetic and purgative[257]. A poultice of the whole plant has been applied to the head in the treatment of headaches[257]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the whole plant, collected during the summer[9]. It is used as a laxative and to kill worms[9].

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Other Uses

Mordant

The plant can be used as a mordant in dyeing[172].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Thrives in a rough spongy peat in a shady position[1]. Requires a humid atmosphere[200]. Terrestrial members of this genus are hard to establish. The roots are delicate and liable to rot, most water being absorbed through the foliage[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233]. Although looking more like a moss, this genus is closely related to the ferns[200].

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Propagation

Spores - best sown as soon as they are ripe on the surface of a humus-rich sterilized soil. Keep the compost moist, preferably by putting a plastic bag over the pot. Pot on small clumps of plantlets as soon as they are large enough to handle and keep humid until they are well established. Do not plant outside until the ferns are at least 2 years old and then only in a very well sheltered position. The spores are generally produced in abundance but are difficult to grow successfully[200]. The spores of this species are not functional, the plant reproduces only by gemmae[17]. Layering of growing tips[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Lycopodium annotinumStiff Club MossFern0.5 -  LMSNM00 
Lycopodium campanulatum Fern0.0 3-7  LMFSM01 
Lycopodium clavatumCommon Club Moss, Running clubmossFern0.1 10-12  LMFSM033
Lycopodium complanatumGround Pine, GroundcedarFern0.1 3-7  LMFSM03 
Lycopodium lucidulumShining Club MossFern0.2 4-8  LMFSM10 
Lycopodium obscurumGround Pine, Rare clubmossFern0.5 3-7  LMFSM02 
Lycopodium serratumClub MossFern0.1 -  LMFSM02 

 

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Botanical References

17200

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