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Lycopodium clavatum - L.

Common Name Common Club Moss, Running clubmoss
Family Lycopodiaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards The plant contains lycopodine, which is poisonous by paralysing the motor nerves[21, 218]. It also contains clavatine which is toxic to many mammals[218]. The spores, however, are not toxic[21]. may stimulate the central nervous system. Take under medical supervision [301].
Habitats Moorland, fields and pastures[7], it is rare in lowland areas[17].
Range Arctic and temperate zones of N. America, Europe and Asia; C. America; S. America; Caribbean; scattered through tropical Africa and tropical Asia.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade
Lycopodium clavatum Common Club Moss, Running clubmoss


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lycopodium_clavatum_moore_1855.jpg
Lycopodium clavatum Common Club Moss, Running clubmoss
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:BerndH

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of fern
Lycopodium clavatum is an evergreen Fern growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in leaf all year.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Lycopodium eriostachys. Lycopodium mayoris. Lycopodium piliferum. Lycopodium trichophyllum.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

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Analgesic  Antipruritic  Antirheumatic  Carminative  Decongestant  Diuretic  Haemostatic  Homeopathy  
Miscellany  Skin  Tonic

A decoction of the plant is analgesic, antirheumatic, carminative, mildly diuretic, stomachic and tonic[4, 9, 13, 21, 46, 154, 172, 176, 218, 238]. It is used internally in the treatment of urinary and kidney disorders, rheumatic arthritis, catarrhal cystitis, gastritis etc[176, 238]. It is applied externally to skin diseases and irritations[238]. The plant can be harvested all year round and is used fresh or dried[238]. The spores of this plant are antipruritic, decongestant, diuretic and stomachic[4]. They are applied externally as a dusting powder to various skin diseases, to wounds or inhaled to stop bleeding noses[4, 7]. They can also be used to absorb fluids from injured tissues[213, 218]. The spores are harvested when ripe in late summer[9]. The spores can also be used as a dusting powder to prevent pills sticking together[4, 213]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the spores[232]. It has a wide range of applications including dry coughs, mumps and rheumatic pains[232, 238].

References

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Other Uses

Cosmetic  Miscellany  Mordant  Weaving

The spores are water repellent and can be used as a dusting powder to stop things sticking together[106, 171]. They are also used as a talcum powder and for dressing moulds in iron foundries[74]. They can also be used as explosives in fireworks and for artificial lightning[7, 46, 57, 102, 171, 213]. The plant can be used as a mordant in dyeing[172]. The stems are made into matting[46].

Special Uses

Food Forest

References

Cultivation details

Thrives in a rough spongy peat in a shady position[1]. Requires a humid atmosphere[200]. Terrestrial members of this genus are hard to establish. The roots are delicate and liable to rot, most water being absorbed through the foliage[200]. This species is said to be a native of Britain according to [17], but is a tropical plant according to [200]. Another report says that it is hardy to at least -15°c[238]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233]. Although looking more like a moss, this genus is closely related to the ferns[200]. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. An evergreen. The plant growth habit is a runner spreading indefinitely by rhizomes or stolons [1-2].

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Spores - best sown as soon as they are ripe on the surface of a humus-rich sterilized soil. Keep the compost moist, preferably by putting a plastic bag over the pot. Pot on small clumps of plantlets as soon as they are large enough to handle and keep humid until they are well established. Do not plant outside until the ferns are at least 2 years old and then only in a very well sheltered position. The spores are generally produced in abundance but are difficult to grow successfully[200]. Layering of growing tips[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Common Club Moss

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Lycopodium annotinumStiff Club MossFern0.5 -  LMSNM00 
Lycopodium campanulatum Fern0.0 3-7  LMFSM01 
Lycopodium complanatumGround Pine, GroundcedarFern0.1 3-7  LMFSM03 
Lycopodium lucidulumShining Club MossFern0.2 4-8  LMFSM10 
Lycopodium obscurumGround Pine, Rare clubmossFern0.5 3-7  LMFSM02 
Lycopodium selagoFir ClubmossFern0.3 -  LMFSM12 
Lycopodium serratumClub MossFern0.1 -  LMFSM02 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

bidya dhar das   Sat Apr 12 2008

iam doing phytochemical screening of lycopodium cernuua,so regarding the topic plese send some information,i will be very great ful to you and all the team member.

   Tue Apr 22 2008

I don't think Lycopodium is considered a fern. It is a fern ally.

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