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Lycium ruthenicum - Murray.

Common Name
Family Solanaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, it does belong to a family that contains many poisonous plants. Some caution should be applied, especially towards leaves or unripe fruits, though ripe fruits are almost certainly edible.
Habitats Higher inner Himalayas, 1800 - 3900 metres[146]. Saline deserts and sands, roadsides at elevations of 400 - 3,000 metres in western China[266].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Lycium ruthenicum


Lycium ruthenicum

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Lycium ruthenicum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[146, 177]. Only the fully ripe fruits should be eaten[K].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Cancer  Ophthalmic

The plant is used as an ointment to treat blindness in camels[240]. The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[214].

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Other Uses

Soil stabilization

Plants are very drought tolerant and have an extensive root system. They can be planted to stabilize banks and sandy soils[200, 266].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Does not require a rich soil, flowering and fruiting better in a well-drained soil of moderate quality[11]. Succeeds in impoverished and saline soils[200, 266]. Requires a sunny position[200]. Tolerates maritime exposure[200] and drought[266].

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually good and fairly quick. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Pinch out the shoot tips of the young plants in order to encourage bushy growth[78]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel if possible, July/August in individual pots in a frame. Good percentage[78]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, autumn to late winter in a cold frame. High percentage[78, 200]. Division of suckers in late winter. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Berberis lycium Shrub3.0 5-9 MLMHSNDM331
Lycium afrum Shrub2.0 8-11  LMHNDM12 
Lycium andersoniiWolfberry, Water jacketShrub0.0 0-0  LMHNDM12 
Lycium arabicum Shrub0.0 -  LMHNM12 
Lycium australe Shrub1.0 -  LMHNDM12 
Lycium barbarumGoji, Box Thorn, Matrimony vineShrub2.5 6-9 MLMHSNM433
Lycium berlandieriBerlandier's wolfberryShrub0.0 0-0  LMHNDM12 
Lycium carolinianumChristmas Berry, Carolina desert-thornShrub1.5 7-10  LMHNM323
Lycium chinenseChinese Boxthorn, Chinese desert-thornShrub2.5 5-9 MLMHNM433
Lycium europaeumEuropean tea-tree, Box thorn,Shrub4.0 8-11  LMHNM323
Lycium fremontiiDesert Thorn, Fremont's desert-thornShrub3.0 0-0  LMHNDM12 
Lycium pallidumPale Wolfberry, Pale desert-thorn, Rabbit thornShrub1.8 5-9  LMHNDM323
Lycium schweinfurthii Shrub2.0 -  LMHNDM22 
Lycium torreyiSquawthorn, Torrey wolfberryShrub3.0 0-0  LMHNDM22 

 

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Expert comment

Author

Murray.

Botanical References

11200266

Links / References

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