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Lithospermum officinale - L.

Common Name Gromwell, European stoneseed
Family Boraginaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hedges, bushy places and woodland borders, usually on basic soil[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, except the extreme southwest and north, east to Iran and the Caucasus.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Lithospermum officinale Gromwell, European stoneseed


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Don_Pedro28
Lithospermum officinale Gromwell, European stoneseed
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Don_Pedro28

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Lithospermum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedgerow;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Tea

The leaves are used as a tea substitute[46, 61, 183].

Medicinal Uses

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Contraceptive  Depurative  Diuretic  Lithontripic  Oxytoxic  Sedative

The mature seeds are diuretic, lithontripic and oxytocic[9, 240]. They are ground into a powder and used in the treatment of bladder stones, arthritis and febrile conditions[9]. An infusion of the leaves is used as a sedative[240]. The root is depurative[240]. A syrup made from a decoction of the root and stems is used in the treatment of eruptive diseases such as smallpox, measles and itch[240]. All parts of the plant contain a substance that inhibits the secretion of the pituitary gonadotrophic hormone[240]. Extracts of the herb possess contraceptive properties[240].

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Other Uses

Dye

A purple dye is obtained from the roots. It is best harvested in the spring[178].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a moderately fertile well-drained soil[200].

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings. Division.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Lithospermum canescensPaint Indian, Hoary puccoonPerennial0.2 3-7  LMNDM11 
Lithospermum carolinienseHairy Puccoon, Carolina puccoonPerennial1.0 5-9  LMNDM01 
Lithospermum erythrorhizonLithospermumPerennial0.7 5-9  LMHSNM03 
Lithospermum incisumNarrow-Leaf Gromwell, Narrowleaf stoneseedPerennial0.3 3-7  LMNDM12 
Lithospermum multiflorumManyflowered Gromwell, Manyflowered stoneseedPerennial0.5 3-7  LMNDM11 
Lithospermum ruderaleWestern Gromwell, Western StoneseedPerennial0.8 4-8  LMHNDM12 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

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Botanical References

17200

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