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Lilium martagon - L.

Common Name Turk's Cap Lily, Martagon lily
Family Liliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Deciduous woods, scrub and mountain pasture, especially on limestone[13].
Range Europe to W. Asia. Naturalized in Britain.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Lilium martagon Turk


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Lilium martagon Turk
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:B%C3%B6hringer

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Purple, White. Main Bloom Time: Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Lilium martagon is a BULB growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

Bulb - cooked[2, 14, 61]. It is often dried for later use[46]. Rich in starch, it can be used as a vegetable in similar ways to potatoes (Solanum tuberosum).

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Cardiac;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Emollient;  Expectorant.

The bulb is diuretic, emmenagogue, emollient and expectorant[240]. They are used to relieve heart diseases, pain in the cardiac region and angina pectoris[240].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Massing, Seashore, Specimen, Woodland garden. Succeeds in ordinary well-drained garden soil[1, 42]. Prefers a good leafy soil in sun or semi-shade[90]. Prefers its roots to be in the shade[28]. Prefers a calcareous soil according to some reports[1, 4, 13, 90], whilst one says that it is probably best in an acid or neutral soil[47]. A very ornamental[1] and polymorphic plant[143]. It takes 7 - 8 years to flower from seed[143]. The flowers have an unpleasant odour[143]. The flowers are sweetly fragrant, especially at night in order to attract the night hawk-moth for pollination[245]. Early to mid autumn is the best time to plant out the bulbs in cool temperate areas, in warmer areas they can be planted out as late as late autumn[200]. The plant should be protected against rabbits and slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[200]. Special Features:Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Fragrant flowers.

Propagation

Seed - delayed hypogeal germination[130]. Best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it should germinate in spring[143]. Stored seed will require a warm/cold/warm cycle of stratification, each period being about 2 months long[163]. Grow on in cool shady conditions. Great care should be taken in pricking out the young seedlings, many people leave them in the seed pot until they die down at the end of their second years growth. This necessitates sowing the seed thinly and using a reasonably fertile sowing medium. The plants will also require regular feeding when in growth. Divide the young bulbs when they are dormant, putting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on for at least another year before planting them out into their permanent positions when the plants are dormant[K]. Division with care in the autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[200]. Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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12

 

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Botanical References

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