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Licania rigida - Benth.

Common Name Oiticica
Family Chrysobalanaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry, open forests, often in secondary formations, on low, alluvial floodplains, often near rivers[625 ].
Range S. America - northeastern Brazil.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Licania rigida Oiticica


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Licania rigida Oiticica
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

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Licania rigida is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Pleragina umbrosissima Arruda

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

A drying oil, known as 'Oiticica oil' is obtained from the seed[46 , 356 , 625 ]. It is used in varnishes, protective coatings etc[46 ]. It is used as a substitute for Tung oil for the production of paints, linoleum, ink etc[317 ]. The seeds contain about 61% oil[317 ]. The wood is coarse-textured, irregular-grained, heavy, with a low resistance to wood-eating organisms[625 ]. Of poor quality, it is used for carpentry, making wagon wheels, posts, planks etc[317 , 625 ].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Oil  Management: Standard  Regional Crop

Grows best in a sunny position[625 ]. Established plants are drought tolerant[625 ]. Newly planted young trees usually establish and grow away moderately well[625 ]. Grows naturally in sub-humid tropical climates, generally in areas with annual lows of 20 to 25 °C, annual highs of 30 to 35 °C, annual rainfall of 600 to 1400 mm and a dry season of 4 to 8 months. Performs best on free-draining loam and sand soils of a moderately acid to slightly alkaline nature, generally with a pH of 5.0 to 7.5 on on sites with full to partial sun exposure. It has good tolerance to drought and seasonal flooding.

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Oil  Materials, chemicals and energy include bioplastics, biomass, glycerin, soaps, lubricants, paints, biodiesel. Oilseed crop types.
  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, it can be sown complete with the surrounding fruit if necessary. Sow in a nursery seedbed in a sunny position. Germination rates are usually above 50% with the seed sprouting within 45 - 55 days[625 ]. Cuttings.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Oiticica

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Brazil, Puerto Rico, South America

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

Benth.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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