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Jasminum sambac - (L.) Aiton

Common Name Jasmine Tea
Family Oleaceae
USDA hardiness 9-12
Known Hazards Toxicity: The LD50 of jasmine extract is greater than 5 mg/kg by weight.
Habitats Within its native distribution range, J. sambac occurs in dipterocarp forests. Once naturalized, J. sambac is found growing in disturbed sites, secondary forests, coastal areas, abandoned gardens and orchards near villages. [1-8]. Found at elevations up to 600 metres [305]
Range E. Asia - Bhutan, India.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Jasminum sambac Jasmine Tea


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Jasminum sambac Jasmine Tea
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Jasminum sambac is an evergreen Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

J. bicorollatum Noronha. J. blancoi Hassk. J. fragrans Salisb. [Illegitimate]. J. heyneanum Wall. ex G.Don. J. odoratum Noronha. J. pubescens Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. [Invalid]. J. quadrifolium Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. [Invalid]. J. quinqueflorum B.Heyne ex G.Don. J. sanjurium Buch.-Ham. ex DC. [Invalid]. J. undulatum (L.) Willd. J. zambac Roxb. [Spelling variant]. Mogorium gimea . Zuccagni. Mogorium goaense Zuccagni. Mogorium sambac (L.) Lam. Mogorium undulatum (L.) Lam. Nyctanthes goa Steud. Nyctanthes sambac L. Nyctanthes undulata L.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers
Edible Uses: Tea

The dried flowers are commonly used to scent tea, especially in China [301, 317 ]. They can be used in conjunction with Jasminum lanceolaria; 30 kilos of the flowers are combined with 10 kilos of Jasminium lanceolaria flowers to scent 100 kilos of tea [301 ]. Aromatic water prepared from the flowers is popular in Thai cooking, especially for desserts [301 ].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Anaesthetic  Antiasthmatic  Antipyretic  Astringent  Decongestant  Febrifuge  Galactofuge  Parasiticide  
Poultice  Sedative  Skin  Vulnerary

Roots and leaves are important Ayurvedic medicine [317 ]. Both the leaves and flowers are used medicinally, although the leaves have a stronger action than the flowers [310 ]. They are antiamoebic, astringent, febrifuge and galactofuge [310 ]. A decoction is used internally as a treatment for fever [310 ]. An infusion is employed to treat pulmonary catarrh, bronchitis, and asthma [310 ]. A poultice of the leaves is applied externally to treat skin complaints and wounds [310 ]. The bruised leaves or flowers are used as a poultice to the breasts of lactating women to discourage breast milk production [310, 345 ]. An infusion of the flowers is applied to the eyelids as a decongestant [310 ]. The stems are employed as an antipyretic and in the treatment of abscesses [310 ]. A tincture made from the root is said to have very strong sedative, anaesthetic and vulnerary properties [310 ]. The root is given fresh to treat fevers and venereal diseases [310 ]. A decoction is employed in the treatment of pulmonary catarrh, bronchitis, and also asthma [310 ]. The roots are used externally as poultices for sprains and fractures [310 ].

References

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Cosmetic  Parasiticide

An ornamental plant with strongly scented flowers. The essential oil in the flowers is used in perfumery [266]. A sacred flower in Indonesian tradition, as it symbolizes purity, sacredness, graceful simplicity and sincerity. In Cambodia, the flower is used as an offering to the Buddha. In Hawaii, the flower is known as p_kake and is used to make fragrant leis. Jasmine is a sacred flower in Hinduism, it is used in mediation, decoration, fragrance, worship, and it is sacred to all forms of Goddess Devi. In South-East Asia, it is one of the most popular ornamental plants grown. Numerous cultivars currently exist. In the UK, this plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Containers.

Special Uses

Food Forest  Scented Plants

References

Cultivation details

Jasminum sambac succeeds in lowland areas of the tropics and subtropics. Plants can only tolerate occasional light frosts[423 ]. It succeeds in full sun and partial shade[352, 423 ] and requires moist but well-drained soil[352, 423 ]. Jasminum sambac prefers light soil that is rich in organic matter[423 ]. A pH ranges from 6.0 to 7.5. The average annual flower yield is 1 - 7 tonnes per hectare, and the essential oil yield is 0.1 - 0.2%[310 ]. Jasmine flowers are picked manually between dawn and 10 a.m., during the hot season in India, even between 3 - 8 a.m. Preferably only half-opened and fresh, fully opened flowers must be picked, not buds or old (yellowish) flowers, as these will depress the essential oil quality. Although rain makes the flowers almost useless, picking flowers in the rain should continue to promote further flowering [310 ]. An experienced picker can harvest 0.5 kg flowers per hour, but the pickers are usually young women and children, who achieve 2 kg in 5 hours [310 ]. Jasmine flowers must be quickly processed since delay substantially reduces essential oil content. Flowers should be kept shaded and cool between picking and processing, and the processing facility should be close to the plantation. Freshly picked flowers can be stored in polythene bags at 15°c without yield loss, quality or odour[310 ]. Jasmine oil can be obtained from flowers by steam distillation, but the yield is very low. Jasmine concrete is obtained from flowers, formerly by enfleurage, currently by solvent extraction. In solvent extraction, flowers are washed up to 3 times with petroleum ether or, preferably, with hydrocarbon-free food-grade hexane; the extract is then distilled to remove the solvent, resulting in the concrete. Concrete is usually produced at the plantation, but absolute is produced where convenient, often in another country[310 ]. Plants can flower all year round[352 ]. The flowers are exceptionally fragrant[352 ]. This species is the national flower of the Philippine Islands[352 ]. Jasminum sambac contains dotriacontanoic acid, dotriacontanol, oleanolic acid, daucosterol, hesperidin, and [+]-jasminoids A, B, C, D in its roots. Leaves contain flavonoids such as rutin, quercetin and isoquercetin, flavonoids rhamnoglycosides as well as a-amyrin and ß-sitosterol. A novel plant cysteine-rich peptide family named jasmintides were isolated from this plant. Cultivars of Jasminum sambac include: 'Maid of Orleans', 'Belle of India', Grand Duke of Tuscany','Butt Mograw','Mysore Mallige','Arabian Nights'.

References

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Propagation

The seed does not require pre-treatment and is best sown in a partially shaded position as soon as ripe [423 ]. Cuttings 12 - 20cm long should be taken from terminal shoots; treatment with a root stimulator increases the strike rate [310 ]. Semi-ripe cuttings, 8cm long, placed in a sandy medium, usually root within four weeks [423 ]. Cuttings taken from shoot tips have given better results than semi-ripe cuttings. They are generally treated with a fungicide, placed in prepared planting holes and watered [310 ]. Layering in the field is done with one-year-old shoots; a slanting cut is made approximately halfway through the shoot, some 50cm from the end; the cut is buried about 10 - 15cm deep with the top remaining above ground. After about 4 - 6 months, the rooted layers can be separated from the parent plant and transplanted [310 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Arabian Jasmine, Adukkumalli, Banmallika, Boddumalle, Chamba, Checupichakam, Diamela, Elusuttu mallige, Geta pichcha, Gundumalle, Gundumalli, Iruvantige, Jessamine, Kolumallige, Kudamulla, Kudumalligai, Mali laa, Mali, Maliwan, Mallika, Manmathabanmu, Mawk-sam-pai, Melati, Mlis, Mo li hua, Moghra, Mogra, Moli flower, Mollokhoi, Motia, Nallamulla, Pikake, Pitasi, Sabe, Sabe-gyi, Sampagita, Sujimallige, Te bitati, Virupakschi [1-4].

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Native to a small region in the eastern Himalayas including territories in Bhutan and India. Africa, Asia, Australia, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Kiribati, Laos, Malaysia, Marquesas, Myanmar, Nauru, North Africa, North America, Pacific, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, SE Asia, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tuvalu, USA, West Africa, West Indies [1-4].

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

It is an environmental and garden weed and has a climbing growth habit that can smother other plants. Currently, this species is listed as invasive in Cuba and Hawaii and Florida in the USA [1-8].

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Not Listed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Jasminum grandiflorumJasminClimber2.5 10-12 SLMHSNM334
Jasminum humileYellow JasmineShrub3.0 7-10  LMHSNDM11 
Jasminum nudiflorumWinter-Flowering Jasmin, Winter jasmineShrub3.6 6-11 MLMHFSNM01 
Jasminum odoratissimum Shrub0.0 8-11  LMHSNM10 
Jasminum officinaleJessamine, Poet's jasmineClimber10.0 6-9 FLMHSNM22 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(L.) Aiton

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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