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Iris cristata - Sol.

Common Name Crested Iris, Dwarf crested iris
Family Iridaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards Many plants in this genus are thought to be poisonous if ingested, so caution is advised[65]. The roots are especially likely to be toxic[238]. Plants can cause skin irritations and allergies in some people[238].
Habitats Rich woods, wooded bottoms and ravines, usually in calcareous soils[43, 270].
Range Eastern N. America - Maryland to Ohio, south to Georgia, Tennessee and Missouri.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Iris cristata Crested Iris, 	Dwarf crested iris


http://www.flickr.com/photos/54289096@N00/705586
Iris cristata Crested Iris, 	Dwarf crested iris
http://www.flickr.com/photos/37738908@N00/3424494685

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Blue, Purple, White. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Iris cristata is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate. It is in flower from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

Root - used as a spice[2, 105]. Frequently chewed by local people to alleviate thirst[177, 207]. When first chewed the roots have a pleasant sweet taste, within a few minutes this changes to a burning sensation far more pungent than capsicums[207]. Caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Hepatic;  Poultice.

An ointment made from the roots is applied to cancerous ulcers[222, 257]. A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of hepatitis[222, 257].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Alpine garden, Container, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden, Woodland garden. Requires a light or gravelly[42] lime-free[79] soil of a woodland nature in partial shade[42, 79, 127] or full sun[42]. Likes plenty of moisture in summer but the soil must be well-drained[127]. Grows well on a peat bank[188]. Plants are hardy to about -20°c[187]. Another report says that it is best if the plants are lifted intact in October, stored in sand and planted out in March[1]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer and rabbits[233]. Plants require protection from slugs[187]. Frequent division and transplanting every other year is necessary if the plant is to thrive and persist[187]. Special Features:North American native, Naturalizing, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Suitable for cut flowers.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. It does not require cold stratification. Stored seed should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first year. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Division in July/August[42]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Author

Sol.

Botanical References

43200270

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Subject : Iris cristata  
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