We need to raise £10,000 from user donations to get our finances in balance. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Imperata_cylindrica - (L.)Raeusch.

Common Name Cogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open sandy habitats, usually by a river or the sea shore in Europe[50]. Commonly found on impoverished soils in Australia[193].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Imperata_cylindrica Cogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Brighterorange
Imperata_cylindrica Cogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wie146

 

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary

Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Imperata_cylindrica is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

I. arundinacea. Miscanthus arundinacea. Saccharum cylindricum.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Young inflorescence and young shoots - cooked[177, 179]. Root - fibrous but pleasant to chew, containing starch and sugar[144, 177, 179]. Fairly sweet, the taste is sweetest in the wet season in Australia and worst from plants growing in sand[193]. The ash of the plant is used as a salt substitute[177].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic[147, 176, 178]. The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc[218]. They are decocted and used to treat urinary tract infections, fevers, thirst etc[147, 218]. The root is astringent, antifebrile, antivinous, diuretic, emollient, haemostatic, restorative and tonic[218, 240]. It is used in the treatment of nose bleeds, haematuria, haematemesis, oedema and jaundice[176]. The root has antibacterial action against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus dysenteriae etc[176]. A decoction of the root is used as an anthelmintic and also to treat digestive disorders such as indigestion, diarrhoea and dysentery[272]. The root bark is febrifuge, restorative and tonic[218]. Extracts of the plant have shown viricidal and anticancer activity[218].

Other Uses

The leaves are woven to make mats, bags and raincoats[46, 61, 193]. The inflorescences are valued for stuffing pillows and cushions[272]. The stems are used in thatching roofs[46, 61, 178, 272]. A fibre obtained from the leaves is used in making paper[46, 61, 154]. Can be planted on sandy soils to prevent erosion[154, 272]. The plants form impenetrably dense clumps and when planted close together in drifts make an excellent ground cover[200].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Alpine garden, Border, Massing, Rock garden, Specimen. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil in sun or partial shade[162, 187]. This species is only hardy in the southern part of Britain, tolerating temperatures down to about -15°c when dormant[187], though the young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. The var. I. cylindrica major. (Nees.)C.E.Hubb. is used medicinally in China[176] and as a wild food in Australia[193]. This species is quite closely related to sugar cane, it has been interbred experimentally with that species in India[193]. Plants grow away vigorously after a fire, often spreading freely to infest the burnt areas[144, 193]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, There are no flowers or blooms.

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - surface sow in spring in a greenhouse. The seed germinates quickly, prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring as the plant comes into growth. Division is very easy and can be carried out at almost any time in the year, though winter divisions are best potted up in the greenhouse and planted out in late spring[K].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Imperata cylindricaCogongrass, Japanese Blood Grass33

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

(L.)Raeusch.

Botanical References

50200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Hari Kumar Shrestha   Thu Apr 27 2006

Dear all, I have one querly i.e. about genes isolated from this Imperata cylindrica. Do anybody has this idea? Thanks! Hari

Hari Kumar Shrestha   Thu Apr 27 2006

Dear all, I have one query i.e. about genes isolated from this Imperata cylindrica. Do anybody has this idea? Thanks! Hari

shobha   Tue Jan 8 2008

shobha Can u please give me the abstrct related to antimicrobial activity of imerata cylindrica

Steven   Thu Apr 3 2008

dear all,can somebody tell me about the reproduction of this plant? *urgent* thanks

JESSA   Thu Jul 3 2008

GOOD EVE WHAT IS THE BIOACTIVE COMPOUND OF Imperata cylindrica AND CAN YOU SHOW US THE ABSTRACT ITS ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY.

bina   Sun Sep 13 2009

excuse me, can somebody tell me if it is possible to produce sugar from cogon grass?

raven   Sun Dec 27 2009

can some one tell me what subtance/s of imperata cylindrica can melt the kidney stoney or what subtance/s of imperata cylindrica that can help the a person that has an diabetes

Aliena   Tue Jan 12 2010

Yes, making sugar from cogon grass is possible. Same process with sugar cane.

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Imperata_cylindrica  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.