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Ilex asprella - (Hook.&Arn.)Champ.

Common Name
Family Aquifoliaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no specific reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, the fruits of at least some members of this genus contain saponins and are slightly toxic. They can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and stupor if eaten in quantity[274].
Habitats Hillsides, wild places, open woods or shrub thickets[147]. Sparse forests on slopes, shrubby areas, roadsides at elevations of 400 - 1000 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Ilex asprella


http://www.flickr.com/photos/plj/3496453031/
Ilex asprella
http://www.flickr.com/photos/plj/

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Ilex asprella is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in). It is in leaf all year, in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antiphlogistic  Depurative  Febrifuge  Sialagogue  VD

The root is antiphlogistic, depurative, febrifuge and sialogogue[147, 218]. A decoction is used in the treatment of high fever in colds, laryngitis, acute tonsillitis and traumatic injuries[147]. It is also applied externally to boils and abscesses[147]. The leaf is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea and snakebite[218].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this plant and do not know if it will be hardy in this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in most soils so long as they are not water-logged[200]. Resents root disturbance, especially as the plants get older[11]. It is best to place the plants into their permanent positions as soon as possible, perhaps giving some winter protection for their first year or two[K]. Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be cut right back into old wood if required[188]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. It can take 18 months to germinate. Stored seed generally requires two winters and a summer before it will germinate and should be sown as soon as possible in a cold frame. Scarification, followed by a warm stratification and then a cold stratification may speed up the germination time[78, 80]. The seedlings are rather slow-growing. Pot them up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame for their first year. It is possible to plant them out into a nursery bed in late spring of the following year, but they should not be left here for more than two years since they do not like being transplanted. Alternatively, grow them on in their pots for a second season and then plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Give them a good mulch and some protection for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of almost ripe wood with a heel, August in a shaded position in a cold frame. Leave for 12 months before potting up. Layering in October. Takes 2 years.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

(Hook.&Arn.)Champ.

Botanical References

266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Oscar Sierra   Tue Mar 18 2008

This is also the 1st ingredient in a patent Chinese Medicinal Herb formula called "Gan Mao Ling" made by Plum Flower Brand. This herb is not listed in Dan Bensky's Chinese Herbal Medicine Materia Media, Revised Edition, 2003. I have used this formula to successfully treat a "cold" with phlegm and heat signs. Mark Taylor in Chinese Patent Medicines, A Beginer's Guide, 1998, describes this as "the most popular and effective Chinese common cold pill available in the US because it treats both colds and flu." He also states "this is the only brand that he can recommend. Other versions have been tested and have been found to contain pharmaceutical drugs and synthetic dyes." -- Oscar Sierra TCM Herbalist Atlanta, Ga

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Subject : Ilex asprella  
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