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Hordeum jubatum - L.

Common Name Foxtail Barley, Intermediate barley
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards The barbed awns around the seeds can work their way into the gums and digestive tract of animals when the seed is eaten, causing irritation and inflammation[212]. They can also work their way into the ears and eyes, sometimes causing blindness and even death[212].
Habitats Grassy bushy places below 2500 metres in California.
Range Most areas of N. America to Siberia. An occasional casual in Britain.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Hordeum jubatum Foxtail Barley, Intermediate barley


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Aka
Hordeum jubatum Foxtail Barley, Intermediate barley
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Aka

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Hordeum jubatum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower in June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed
Edible Uses: Coffee

Seed - raw or cooked[2, 105, 161, 257]. The seed can be ground into a flour and used as a cereal in making bread, porridge etc[177, 183]. Native North Americans would eat the dry flour raw[257]. The seed is exceedingly small and fiddly to use[K]. The roasted seed is used as a coffee substitute[183].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The dry root can be wrapped, then moistened and used as a compress for styes in the eyes or on swollen eyelids[257].

References

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Prefers a rather dry soil[1] and a sunny position[200]. Succeeds in most soils and in climates ranging from sub-arctic to sub-tropical[171]. Easily grown in light soils[162]. Established plants are drought resistant[190]. A very short-lived plant, it is often only an annual[162], though it often self sows a little[190].

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - sow in situ in March or October and only just cover the seed. Make sure the soil surface does not dry out if the weather is dry. Germination takes place within 2 weeks. Division in spring. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Hordeum bulbosumBulbous BarleyPerennial1.2 -  LMHNDM20 
Hordeum deficiens Annual0.0 -  LMHNM30 
Hordeum distichonTwo-Rowed BarleyAnnual1.2 4-8  LMHNM43 
Hordeum hexastichonSix-Row Barley, Common barleyAnnual1.2 0-0  LMHNM30 
Hordeum intermedium Annual1.0 -  LMHNM20 
Hordeum murinumMouse Barley, Smooth barley, Hare barley, Wall barleyAnnual0.5 0-0  LMHNDM21 
Hordeum trifurcatumEgyptian BarleyAnnual1.0 -  LMHNDM20 
Hordeum vulgareBarley, Common barleyAnnual1.0 4-8  LMHNM430
Hordeum zeocritonSprat BarleyAnnual1.0 -  LMHNM20 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Tue Jun 3 2008

what does fiddly mean

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