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Hepatica americana - (DC.)Ker-Gawl.

Common Name American Liverleaf, Alumroot, Round Lobed Hepatica
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 3-9
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, most plants in this family are poisonous. This toxicity is usually of a low order and the toxic principle is destroyed by heat or by drying[4, 10, 19, 65].
Habitats Dry woods[222]. Mixed woods, often in association with both conifers and deciduous trees, usually in drier sites and more acid soils, from sea level to 1200 metres[270].
Range Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to Minnesota, south to Florida, Georgia and Missouri
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Hepatica americana American Liverleaf, Alumroot, Round Lobed Hepatica


http://www.flickr.com/photos/ragesoss/2408306470
Hepatica americana American Liverleaf, Alumroot, Round Lobed Hepatica
http://www.androsace.com/

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Blue, Pink, White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring. Form: Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Hepatica americana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from April to May. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies).
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Hepatic  Laxative

A tea made from the leaves is laxative[222]. It is used in the treatment of fevers, liver ailments and poor indigestion[222]. At one time it became a cult medicine as a liver tonic and 200,000 kilos of dried Hepatica leaves were used in 1883 alone[222]. Externally, the tea is applied as a wash to swollen breasts[222].

References

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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Rock garden, Woodland garden. Prefers a deep light soil with leafmold[200]. Grows well on limey woodland soils in half shade, though it also succeeds in deep shade and in full sun[1]. Plants resent root disturbance and should be placed in their permanent positions as soon as possible[188]. This species is closely related to H. acutiloba[200]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[54]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, North American native, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies.

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - sow in a moist soil in a shady position[1]. The stored seed requires stratification for about 3 weeks at 0 - 5°c. Germination takes 1 - 12 months at 10°c. It is probably worthwhile sowing the seed as soon as it is ripe in a shady position in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division just as the leafless plant comes into flower in late winter. Replant immediately into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Hepatica acutilobaAmerican Liverleaf, Sharp-lobed Hepatica, HepaticaPerennial0.3 3-9 SLMFSNM02 
Hepatica nobilisHepatica, Sharplobe hepatica, Roundlobe hepaticaPerennial0.1 4-8  LMHFSNM02 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

(DC.)Ker-Gawl.

Botanical References

200270

Links / References

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