We have recently published ‘Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions’: i.e. tropical and sub-tropical regions. We rely on regular donations to keep our free database going and help fund development of this and another book we are planning on food forest plants for Mediterranean climates. Please give what you can to keep PFAF properly funded. More >>>

Follow Us:


Grewia oppositifolia - Roxb.

Common Name
Family Tiliaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Foothills of the N.W. Himalayas to 1800 metres[146].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Grewia oppositifolia

Grewia oppositifolia


Translate this page:


Physical Characteristics

Grewia oppositifolia is a deciduous Shrub.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 9. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


G. optiva. Drummond.

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. A pleasant acid taste[2, 11, 158]. The fruit is about the size of a pea[200].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

The Bookshop: Edible Plant Books

Our Latest books on Perennial Plants For Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens in paperback or digital formats.

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Tropical Plants

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Temperate Plants

Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital media.
More Books

PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital formats. Browse the shop for more information.

Shop Now

Other Uses

Fibre  Paper  Wood

A fibre is obtained from the bark, it is used in paper and rope making but is not very durable[146, 158]. The fibres are 1 - 1.6mm long[189]. Wood - tough and elastic but with a very unpleasant odour when first cut. It is used for making oar shafts, tool handles etc[11, 146, 158].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most soils[200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain, preferring hotter summers than are usually experienced here[11]. Plants are often cultivated in the Himalayas[158].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:



The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

Shop Now

Plant Propagation

Seed - we have no information for this species but suggest sowing the seed in late winter in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Grewia biloba parviflora Shrub3.0 5-9  LMHSNM10 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment



Botanical References


Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

deepti bundela   Mon Jan 24 16:24:20 2005

This yree sp. is very well in adeptibility Im doing research on this tree sp. with one grass componant and one legume component and my topic is "ecophsiological studis of grevia optiva based on silvipastural system in semi arid tropical region " but after one or two years ii will be able to enter my data .i want much more data and photo of this tree pleas provid me by mail

shweta gupta   Thu Sep 6 2007

hai i m a research scholar. my topic is based on grewia optiva. i want a photo of grewia optiva for my thesis pls mail me a photo of grewia. i will be highly thankful to u.

shweta gupta   Fri Sep 7 2007

As Grewia optiva is well known tree in the himalayan region.i m doing reasearch on the same plant my topic is "Studies of productivity and nutrient cycling of Grewia optiva (Drummond) based silvipastoral system in bundelkhand region" it has been completed two and half year of my PhD.but due to some region i could not find all the related data. i will really thankful to u if u will mail me some related data nad photo of the same plant. i hope u will do my favour.thank u.

Dr. R C Uniyal   Wed Jan 16 2008

Grewia is multipurpose tree species and well known plant of Himalayan region. It is used for fodder, fuel, fiber, dye, nutritional, medicinal etc. Details of plants and photographas may be obtained from organisations, working in Uttarakhand State like FRI, WII, HAPPRC, HRDI, GBPUA&T, GBPIHEAD etc. Addresses can be taken from uttarakhand state website. Dr. RC Uniyal

Ashwini Kumar Sharma   Wed Mar 18 2009

Grewia Opositifolia locally known as Biul/Bhimal/Beolin Himalayan regions of Jammu & Kashmir/Uttrakhand is a very good fibre for making handmade paper and paper products. Kumarappa national Handmade Paper Institute has developed the appropriate technology for conversion of Grewia oppositifolia into handmade paper. our web site is www.knhpi.org.in Ashwini Kumar Sharma Dy.Director 18.03.2009

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Grewia oppositifolia  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567.