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Gevuina avellana - Molina.

Common Name Chilean Hazel
Family Proteaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Wet mountain forests, where it rapidly colonizes cleared areas[200]. Grows from the snow-line down to the coast along the Pacific coast of the Andes[139]. It is seldom found in groups[139].
Range S. America - Chile.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade
Gevuina avellana Chilean Hazel


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Franz_Xaver
Gevuina avellana Chilean Hazel
http://www.flickr.com/photos/91226097@N00

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Gevuina avellana is an evergreen Shrub growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed
Edible Uses: Coffee

Seed - raw or cooked. A pleasant taste, similar to cob nuts[11, 63, 139, 183]. A popular food in Chile where it is often sold in local markets and is a much sought after item of diet[177]. The seed contains about 12.5% protein, 49.5% oil, 24.1% carbohydrate[183]. The roasted seed is used as a coffee substitute[139].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

Tannin  Wood

The seedcase is a source of tannin[139]. Wood - light, strong, easily worked, elastic, not very durable. It is used for furniture, oars, roof-shingles etc[46, 117, 139].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Management: Standard  New Crop  Staple Crop: Oil

Requires a lime-free soil and a sheltered position[182]. Requires a well-drained moist fertile soil[188]. Best grown in semi-shade[200], the plant prefers woodland conditions[166]. A very ornamental plant[1, 117], when dormant it is hardy to -10°c[184] in a sheltered woodland environment, but succeeds outdoors only in the milder areas of Britain, growing well in Devon and Cornwall[11, 59]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. Plants flower and set viable seed every year at Coleton Fishacre in S. Devon[104]. In general, however, flowering is unreliable in cool temperate zones[200]. The leaves are very variable in shape, ranging from pinnate to bipinnate, the leaflets varying in number from 3 to 30. There is probably some form of symbiotic relationship with a fungus in the soil that the plants are dependant upon. Plants are very intolerant of root disturbance[117].

Carbon Farming

  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • New Crop  Most new crops were important wild plants until recently, although some are the result of hybridization. They have been developed in the last few, decades. What they have in common is that they are currently cultivated by farmers. Examples include baobab, argan, and buffalo gourd.
  • Staple Crop: Oil  (0-15 percent protein, 16+ percent oil). Some of these are consumed whole while others are exclusively pressed for oil. Annuals include canola, poppyseed, maize, cottonseed, sunflower, peanut. Perennials include high-oil fruits, seeds, and nuts, such as olive, coconut, avocado, oil palm, shea, pecan, and macadamia. Some perennial oil crops are consumed whole as fruits and nuts, while others are exclusively pressed for oil (and some are used fresh and for oil).

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. Sow stored seed as soon as possible in the year. The seed often germinates well but then sickens and dies, it has been suggested that this is due to the plants need of a symbiotic relationship with a soil-borne fungus. Adding some soil from around a growing plant to the seed compost might improve success rates. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and consider giving them some protection from the cold for their first winter or two outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Layering - hard pruning provides lots of material.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Argentina, Australia, Britain, Chile*, New Zealand, North America, South America, Tasmania, UK, USA,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

Molina.

Botanical References

11139200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Thu Dec 2 14:01:15 2004

Link: arthurleej.com Good info and picture

jimmy jones   Sun Apr 5 2009

where can it be purchased in small quanties

Danielle   Thu Apr 30 2009

Burnt Ridge nursery in WA, they ship, just google :)

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