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Geranium maculatum - L.

Common Name Spotted Cranesbill, Spotted geranium, Crowfoot, Wild Geranium, Cranesbill
Family Geraniaceae
USDA hardiness 3-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Wet places in woods, wet rocks and in swamps[187]. Woodlands, thickets and meadows[43].
Range Eastern N. America - Maine to Georgia, west to Arkansas, Kansas and Manitoba.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Geranium maculatum Spotted Cranesbill, Spotted geranium, Crowfoot, Wild Geranium, Cranesbill


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Llez
Geranium maculatum Spotted Cranesbill, Spotted geranium, Crowfoot, Wild Geranium, Cranesbill
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Phyzome

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Summary

Bloom Color: Pink. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late spring, Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Geranium maculatum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Bog Garden;  Dappled Shade;  Sunny Edge;  Woodland Garden.

Wet places in woods, wet rocks and in swamps[187]. Woodlands, thickets and meadows[43].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antidiarrhoeal;  Antiseptic;  Astringent;  Diuretic;  Kidney;  Miscellany;  Styptic;  Tonic.


The whole plant, but especially the root, is antiseptic, highly astringent, diuretic, styptic and tonic[4, 21, 102, 165, 222, 238]. An infusion of the whole plant, or of the roots alone, is used in the treatment of diarrhoea (especially in children and the elderly), dysentery, irritable bowel syndrome, cholera, kidney complaints, bleeding and a wide range of other ailments[61, 213, 254]. It is often used in combination with other herbs[238]. Externally, it is applied to purulent wounds, haemorrhoids, thrush, vaginal discharges and inflammations of the mouth[238]. The plants are rich in tannin[213], the root containing 10 - 20%[222]. The roots can be harvested in the autumn then dried and stored[213]. It is best to harvest the roots as the plant comes into flower since it is then at its most active medicinally[4]. The leaves are harvested as the plant comes into flower and are dried for later use[238].

Other Uses

Dye;  Miscellany;  Tannin.

A brown dye is obtained from the flowers[168]. The roots and the leaves are rich in tannin[4]. Plants are suitable for ground cover when spaced about 45cm apart each way[208].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Massing, Woodland garden. Succeeds in any moderately fertile retentive soil in a sunny position[200]. Tolerates a wide range of soil types[200], including water-logged soils[187]. Plants are hardy to about -25°c[187]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[233]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, North American native, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring or autumn. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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12

 

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Botanical References

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Subject : Geranium maculatum  
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