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Gaylussacia baccata - (Wangenh.)K.Koch.

Common Name Black Huckleberry
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry or moist woods, thickets and clearings[43], on acidic sandy soils[200].
Range Eastern N. America - Newfoundland to Georgia, Manitoba, Wisconsin and Kentucky.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Gaylussacia baccata Black Huckleberry


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Gaylussacia baccata Black Huckleberry
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Summary

Gaylussacia baccata, the black huckleberry, is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) in dry woods; closely resembling blueberry plants (Vaccinium species), it is grown in similar conditions. Plants spread quickly to form thickets in sunny woody areas. The fruit is deliciously spicy and sweet; they can be eaten out of hand or used in pies, preserves etc. They can also be dried for later use. The dried fruit can be ground into a powder then mixed with cereal flours to make bread. The fruit is somewhat seedy. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter. Some medical uses.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Gaylussacia baccata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

G. resinosa. Andromeda baccata. Vaccinium resinosum.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 3, 55]. Deliciously spicy and sweet, they can be eaten out of hand or used in pies, preserves etc[183]. They can also be dried for later use[62]. The dried fruit can be ground into a powder then mixed with cereal flours to make bread[257]. The fruit is rather seedy[235]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Miscellany.

An infusion of the leaves, or the bark, has been used in the treatment of dysentery[257]. An infusion of the leaves has been used in the treatment of Bright's disease[257].

Other Uses

Miscellany.

None known

Cultivation details

Requires a lime-free moist peaty soil, thriving in sun or part shade[3, 182, 200]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[200]. Occasionally cultivated for its edible fruit, there are some named varieties selected for their larger fruits[22, 46]. The small oval leaves are covered with globules on the underside from which a resinous gum is exuded[245].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in the autumn in a cold frame[200]. Seeds are short-lived and difficult to germinate. Stored seed requires 1 month warm stratification followed by 2 months cold[113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots of lime-free compost and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer when they are at least 15cm tall. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[200]. Layering. Division in spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Black huckleberry, common huckleberry

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Canada, Europe, North America*, USA,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Gaylussacia brachyceraBox Huckleberry20
Gaylussacia dumosaDwarf Huckleberry30
Gaylussacia frondosaDangleberry, Blue huckleberry30
Gaylussacia ursinaBear Huckleberry20

 

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Author

(Wangenh.)K.Koch.

Botanical References

1143200

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Subject : Gaylussacia baccata  
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