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Garcinia gardneriana - (Planch. & Triana) Zappi

Common Name Bacupari, achacha
Family Clusiaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rainforests, usually on land that does not get inundated[416 ]. Often found in gallery forests[419 ].
Range S. America - Paraguay, southern, eastern, central and northern Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Garcinia gardneriana Bacupari, achacha

Alex Popovkin wikimedia.org
Garcinia gardneriana Bacupari, achacha
Alex Popovkin wikimedia.org


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A small evergreen tree with a dense crown. A popular fruit within its native range, being gathered from the wild and also commonly cultivated in home gardens.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Garcinia gardneriana is an evergreen Tree growing to 8 m (26ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.


Possibly a a synonym of Garcinia brasiliensis Mart.(also in the database).


Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[416 ]. An acidic, pulpy flesh[416 ]. A sweet, white pulp[419 ]. A very tasty fruit but it has little edible pulp[419 ]. The fruit is around 5cm in diameter[416 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

Other Uses

Other Uses: The wood is soft, moderately heavy, moderately durable under natural conditions[419 ]. It is used for the manufacture of tool handles, fence posts, general construction etc[419 ]. We do not have any more information on the wood of this species, but a general description of the wood for trees in the Americas which were formerly considered to be in the genus Rheedia is as follows:- The heartwood is dark yellow-brown, grayish- or pinkish-brown, merging gradually into the sapwood; surfaces are sometimes specked with resinous exudations. The texture is medium to coarse; the grain straight to irregular and roey; luster medium to rather low; it is free from discernible odour or taste. Species in Surinam are rated durable to attack by decay fungi and fairly resistant to dry wood termites. Species in Colombia are resistant to a brown-rot fungus but not the white-rot in a laboratory assay. Under field conditions the wood was susceptible to decay and attack by insects. It dries rapidly, but is reported to be moderately difficult to air season, tending to warp and check. Reports on workability vary with species from moderate to high resistance to cutting to machining fairly well; reports on ease of finishing are also variable. The wood is used for purposes such as furniture, flooring (quarter sawn), heavy construction, and general carpentry[316 ].

Cultivation details

Although in nature the tree grows in the shade of the rainforest, it produces more fruit when growing in a sunny position[419 ]. Trees can withstand periodic inundation[419 ]. Newly planted young trees are slow to establish and grow away[419 ]. Young trees, planted in a sunny position, commence fruiting sooner than plants growing in shady positions[419 ].


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Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, in a shady position in individual containers. A germination rate in excess of 80% is usually achieved with the seed sprouting in 60 - 80 days. The seedlings grow away slowly[419 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

achacha, achachairú - Spanish (Bolivia)

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Brazil; Bolivia, Plurinational State of; Peru

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Garcinia brasiliensisBacupari42
Garcinia hanburyiSiam gamboge. Hanbury's garcinia01
Garcinia kolaBitter Kola34
Garcinia madrunoMadruno, Charichuela, Madrono42
Garcinia mangostanaMangosteen, Manggis52
Garcinia xanthochymusMysore Gamboge. Gamboge, Himalayan garcinia20


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(Planch. & Triana) Zappi

Botanical References


Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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