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Fritillaria - (Schult.&Schult.f.)Sealy.

Common Name Chocolate Lily, Checker lily
Family Liliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Prairies and grass bluffs to woodland and coniferous forests, usually on leafy soils overlying a rather stony sub-soil, from sea level to 1500 metres[60].
Range Western N. America - British Columbia to California, east to Idaho.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Fritillaria Chocolate Lily, Checker lily


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund
Fritillaria Chocolate Lily, Checker lily
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of bulb
Fritillaria is a BULB growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from April to May. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

F. esculenta. F. lanceolata. Pursh.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Bulb - raw, cooked or dried for winter use[2, 161]. Rich in starch, the bulb is best used in the autumn[172]. The plant has a small bulb surrounded by rice-like bulblets[256]. Both bulb and bulblets are used, when cooked they are tender and delicate, resembling real rice except for having a slightly bitter taste[256]. The roots were a staple food for some native North American Indian tribes[257]. Immature seedpods - raw or cooked. A bitter flavour[172].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

A woodland plant, preferring light soils[1]. It is best grown in a well-drained sandy woodland soil[42, 90, 134]. Plants are best grown in a bulb frame and kept rather dry in summer[90]. Water should be withheld in summer or hot spells[164]. A very ornamental and polymorphic plant[1]. The sub-species F. affinis tristulis is a triploid form that is exceptionally large flowered, robust and easily cultivated[90]. Plants flower within 3 - 5 years from seed[164].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame, it should germinate in the spring[1]. Protect from frost[134]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible and can take a year or more to germinate[134]. Sow the seed quite thinly to avoid the need to prick out the seedlings. Once they have germinated, give them an occasional liquid feed to ensure that they do not suffer mineral deficiency. Once they die down at the end of their second growing season, divide up the small bulbs, planting 2 - 3 to an 8cm deep pot. Grow them on for at least another year in light shade in the greenhouse before planting them out whilst dormant. Division of offsets in August[1]. The larger bulbs can be planted out direct into their permanent positions, but it is best to pot up the smaller bulbs and grow them on in a cold frame for a year before planting them out in the autumn. Bulb scales[163].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Fritillaria affinisChocolate Lily, Checker lily30
Fritillaria atropurpureaPurple Fritillary, Spotted fritillary21
Fritillaria camschatcensisKamchatka Lily, Kamchatka fritillary40
Fritillaria cirrhosaChuan Bei Mu23
Fritillaria imperialisCrown Imperial, Imperial fritillary, Crown Imperial Fritillary21
Fritillaria meleagrisSnakehead Fritillary, Chequered lily, Checkered Fritillary01
Fritillaria pallidifloraPale-Flowered Fritillary03
Fritillaria pudicaYellow Fritillary30
Fritillaria roylei 02
Fritillaria sewerzowii 01
Fritillaria thunbergiiZhe Bei Mu23
Fritillaria verticillata 23

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Schult.&Schult.f.)Sealy.

Botanical References

60200270

Links / References

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Subject : Fritillaria  
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