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Fraxinus velutina - Torr.

Common Name Arizona Ash, Velvet ash, Modesto Ash, Fantex Ash
Family Oleaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Along the banks of streams, rivers and moist washes, generally in canyons, to 2000 metres[229].
Range South-western N. America - Texas to Nevada and California.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Fraxinus velutina Arizona Ash, Velvet ash, Modesto Ash,  Fantex Ash


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Miwasatoshi
Fraxinus velutina Arizona Ash, Velvet ash, Modesto Ash,  Fantex Ash
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Green. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Fraxinus velutina is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

F. pennsylvanica velutina.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Shelterbelt  Wood

A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting[200]. Wood - close-grained, rather soft, not strong, fairly heavy. Used locally to make axe handles and in the manufacture of wagons[82, 149].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Firewood, Aggressive surface roots possible, Pollard. Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side[1, 200]. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil[11, 200]. Plants succeed when growing in exposed positions[200] and also in alkaline soils[11]. They tolerate atmospheric pollution[200]. A polymorphic species[11]. Trees brow best in the E. and S.E. of Britain[11]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Special Features: North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

The seed is best harvested green - as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree - and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame[80]. It usually germinates in the spring[80]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year. If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Fraxinus americanaWhite AshTree25.0 4-9 FLMHSNDM120
Fraxinus angustifoliaNarrow-Leaved AshTree25.0 5-9  LMHNDM10 
Fraxinus bungeanaXiao Ye QinShrub5.0 4-8  LMHNDM02 
Fraxinus chinensis rhynchophyllaHua Qu LiuTree25.0 5-9  LMHNM02 
Fraxinus excelsiorAsh, European ash, Common AshTree30.0 5-8 FLMHNMWe22 
Fraxinus floribundaHimalayan AshTree40.0 7-10  LMHNM22 
Fraxinus hookeri Tree0.0 -  LMHNM00 
Fraxinus latifoliaOregon AshTree20.0 5-9  LMHNM01 
Fraxinus longicuspis Tree8.0 5-9  LMHNM01 
Fraxinus nigraBlack AshTree25.0 2-5 MLMHNMWe01 
Fraxinus ornusManna Ash, Flowering ashTree9.0 5-6 SLMHNDM33 
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaRed Ash, Green ash, Water AshTree20.0 3-9 FLMHNM110
Fraxinus quadrangulataBlue AshTree20.0 4-8 MLMHNM00 
Fraxinus sieboldianaAshTree8.0 6-9 MLMHNM00 
Fraxinus texensisTexas White AshTree12.0 5-9 FLMHSNDM00 
Fraxinus xanthoxyloides Tree6.0 7-10  LMHNM00 

 

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Author

Torr.

Botanical References

11200

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