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Fraxinus floribunda - Wall.

Common Name Himalayan Ash
Family Oleaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich moist soils in forests, 1200 - 2700 metres in the Himalayas[51, 146]. Dense forests, mixed woods of valleys, roadsides; sea level to 2600 metres in western China[266].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas from Himachel Pradesh to S.W. China.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Fraxinus floribunda Himalayan Ash


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Fraxinus floribunda Himalayan Ash

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Fraxinus floribunda is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from June to July. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Manna.
Edible Uses:

A manna is obtained by incision of the trunk[61, 177]. It is used as a sweetener but is laxative if used in quantity[61, 23].

Medicinal Uses



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Abortifacient;  Laxative.

The manna obtained from incisions in the stem is a safe and gentle laxative[61, 240, 243]. The young shoots are abortifacient[272].

Other Uses

Wood.

Wood. Used for oars, ploughs and poles[51, 272].

Cultivation details

Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side[1, 200]. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil[11, 200]. Plants succeed when growing in exposed positions[200] and also in alkaline soils[11]. Plants tolerate atmospheric pollution[200]. Closely related to F. ornus[200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain but can succeed outdoors in the milder areas[1]. It has a very wide range in the wild and there are probably provenances that will do much better in Britain[11]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Propagation

The seed is best harvested green - as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree - and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame[80]. It usually germinates in the spring[80]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year. If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Fraxinus americanaWhite Ash12
Fraxinus angustifoliaNarrow-Leaved Ash10
Fraxinus bungeanaXiao Ye Qin02
Fraxinus chinensis rhynchophyllaHua Qu Liu02
Fraxinus excelsiorAsh, European ash, Common Ash22
Fraxinus hookeri 00
Fraxinus latifoliaOregon Ash01
Fraxinus longicuspis 01
Fraxinus nigraBlack Ash01
Fraxinus ornusManna Ash, Flowering ash33
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaRed Ash, Green ash, Water Ash11
Fraxinus quadrangulataBlue Ash00
Fraxinus sieboldianaAsh00
Fraxinus texensisTexas White Ash00
Fraxinus velutinaArizona Ash, Velvet ash, Modesto Ash, Fantex Ash00
Fraxinus xanthoxyloides 00

 

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Expert comment

Author

Wall.

Botanical References

1151200

Links / References

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Readers comment

Murat Kara   Wed Apr 21 16:48:58 2004

Common name:Florida ash

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Subject : Fraxinus floribunda  
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