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Fraxinus chinensis rhynchophylla - (Hance.)Hemsl.

Common Name Hua Qu Liu
Family Oleaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woodland and thickets to 3000 metres in W. China[109]. Slopes, along rivers, roadsides, below 1500 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Fraxinus chinensis rhynchophylla Hua Qu Liu


Fraxinus chinensis rhynchophylla Hua Qu Liu

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Fraxinus chinensis rhynchophylla is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower in June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

F. bungeana. non DC. F. rhyncophylla. Hance.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Analgesic  Antiinflammatory  Antitussive  Astringent  Diuretic  Expectorant  Stomachic

The bark is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antitussive, astringent, diuretic, expectorant and stomachic[176, 218, 238]. It controls bacterial infections and coughs[238]. It is used in the treatment of apoplexy, liver diseases, diarrhoea, dysentery, eye diseases such as cataracts, cough and asthma[176, 279]. The bark contains aesculin, this has anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant and analgesic actions[176]. The bark also contains fraxetin. This has an inhibitory effect on the central nervous system, is a stronger and safer anodyne than aspirin and has some antibacterial activity[176].

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Weather protection  Wood

The plant (extract?) is said to be used as a barrier to protect the skin from ultra-violet light[176]. The wood is used for cabinet making[266].

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side[1, 200]. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil[11, 200]. Plants succeed when growing in exposed positions[200] and also in alkaline soils[11]. They tolerate atmospheric pollution[200]. This sub-species grows well in Britain and is much more common in cultivation than F. chinensis[11, 200]. This species might be dioecious, in which case male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

The seed is best harvested green - as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree - and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame[80]. It usually germinates in the spring[80]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year. If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Fraxinus americanaWhite AshTree25.0 4-9 FLMHSNDM120
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Fraxinus floribundaHimalayan AshTree40.0 7-10  LMHNM22 
Fraxinus hookeri Tree0.0 -  LMHNM00 
Fraxinus latifoliaOregon AshTree20.0 5-9  LMHNM01 
Fraxinus longicuspis Tree8.0 5-9  LMHNM01 
Fraxinus nigraBlack AshTree25.0 2-5 MLMHNMWe01 
Fraxinus ornusManna Ash, Flowering ashTree9.0 5-6 SLMHNDM33 
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaRed Ash, Green ash, Water AshTree20.0 3-9 FLMHNM110
Fraxinus quadrangulataBlue AshTree20.0 4-8 MLMHNM00 
Fraxinus sieboldianaAshTree8.0 6-9 MLMHNM00 
Fraxinus texensisTexas White AshTree12.0 5-9 FLMHSNDM00 
Fraxinus velutinaArizona Ash, Velvet ash, Modesto Ash, Fantex AshTree12.0 7-10 FLMHNM00 
Fraxinus xanthoxyloides Tree6.0 7-10  LMHNM00 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Hance.)Hemsl.

Botanical References

11200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Eva Wallander   Tue Apr 11 2006

"Fraxinus bungeana - non DC." is not a synonym of Fraxinus chinensis rhynchophylla.

Flora of China (in efloras.org) List of Fraxinus in China (and their synonyms)

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