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Fragaria x ananassa - Duchesne.

Common Name Strawberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in the wild.
Range A hybrid of garden origin, probably F. virginiana x F. chiloensis.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Fragaria x ananassa Strawberry


Fragaria x ananassa Strawberry
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Fragaria x ananassa is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from Jun to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

F. grandiflora.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw. Fruits of the best cultivars are sweet and succulent with an exquisite flavour[K]. Strawberries are a very popular fruit and are widely available in the summer. The fruit of some cultivars is up to 3cm in diameter[200]. Young leaves - raw.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[200]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced when plants grow in such a position. Strawberries appreciate a mulch of pine or spruce leaves[18]. The strawberry is widely cultivated in temperate areas for its edible fruit, there are many named varieties[183] that can supply fruit from late spring (under cloches) to late autumn. Most strawberry varieties are day-length sensitive and only flower at certain times of the year. However, a number of cultivars have been selected that are not sensitive to day-length and can produce fruit for most of the summer. These cultivars are normally referred to as 'remontants'. The blossom can be damaged by late spring frosts[1]. Oat straw should not be used as a mulch since this can infect the strawberries with stem and bulb eelworm. Strawberry plants are very subject to virus diseases, these are usually spread by an aphid. Plants tend to degenerate after a few years and need to be replaced. Seed is a safe means of propagation though, since this species is of hybrid origin, the seed will not breed true. Strawberries are a good companion plant, growing well with bush beans, spinach, borage, lettuce and pyrethrum[20].

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer. This is a hybrid species and seed will not breed true, though this is the only way to develop new varieties. Division of runners, preferably done in July/August in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[200]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
FragariaStrawberry, Beach strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry, Virginia strawber30
Fragaria bracteataWoodland Strawberry20
Fragaria californicaCalifornian Strawberry21
Fragaria chiloensisBeach Strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry21
Fragaria daltoniana 21
Fragaria iinumaeStrawberry20
Fragaria moschataHautbois Strawberry30
Fragaria nilgerrensis 20
Fragaria nipponica 20
Fragaria nubicolaIndian Strawberry21
Fragaria orientalis 30
Fragaria ovalisRocky Mountain Strawberry30
Fragaria vescaWild Strawberry, Woodland strawberry, California strawberry33
Fragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'Alpine Strawberry53
Fragaria virginianaScarlet Strawberry, Virginia strawberry32
Fragaria viridisGreen Strawberry30

 

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Expert comment

Author

Duchesne.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Barry Brine   Thu Dec 11 2008

My name is Barry, from South Australia and I am desperately searching for cambridge vigour strawberry seeds to bring into Australia. Can you please help me. My email address is [email protected]

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Subject : Fragaria x ananassa  
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