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Fragaria x ananassa - Duchesne.

Common Name Strawberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in the wild.
Range A hybrid of garden origin, probably F. virginiana x F. chiloensis.
Edibility Rating    (5 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Fragaria x ananassa Strawberry


Fragaria x ananassa Strawberry
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Moja

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Fragaria x ananassa is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from June to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

F. grandiflora.

Plant Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit  Leaves
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw. Fruits of the best cultivars are sweet and succulent with an exquisite flavour[K]. Strawberries are a very popular fruit and are widely available in the summer. The fruit of some cultivars is up to 3cm in diameter[200]. Young leaves - raw.

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

A dynamic accumulator gathering minerals or nutrients from the soil and storing them in a more bioavailable form - used as fertilizer or to improve mulch.

Special Uses

Dynamic accumulator  Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[200]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced when plants grow in such a position. Strawberries appreciate a mulch of pine or spruce leaves[18]. The strawberry is widely cultivated in temperate areas for its edible fruit, there are many named varieties[183] that can supply fruit from late spring (under cloches) to late autumn. Most strawberry varieties are day-length sensitive and only flower at certain times of the year. However, a number of cultivars have been selected that are not sensitive to day-length and can produce fruit for most of the summer. These cultivars are normally referred to as 'remontants'. The blossom can be damaged by late spring frosts[1]. Oat straw should not be used as a mulch since this can infect the strawberries with stem and bulb eelworm. Strawberry plants are very subject to virus diseases, these are usually spread by an aphid. Plants tend to degenerate after a few years and need to be replaced. Seed is a safe means of propagation though, since this species is of hybrid origin, the seed will not breed true. Strawberries are a good companion plant, growing well with bush beans, spinach, borage, lettuce and pyrethrum[20]. For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a runner spreading indefinitely by rhizomes or stolons [1-2]. The root pattern is fibrous dividing into a large number of fine roots [1-2]. The root pattern is stoloniferous rooting from creeping stems above the ground [1-2].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer. This is a hybrid species and seed will not breed true, though this is the only way to develop new varieties. Division of runners, preferably done in July/August in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[200]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

NORTHERN AMERICA: Canada, British Columbia (southwest), United States, Oregon (west), Washington (west), California (northwest),

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
FragariaStrawberry, Beach strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry, Virginia strawberPerennial0.2 4-8  LMHSNM303
Fragaria bracteataWoodland StrawberryPerennial0.3 -  LMHSNM20 
Fragaria californicaCalifornian StrawberryPerennial0.3 0-0  LMHSNM210
Fragaria chiloensisBeach Strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberryPerennial0.3 4-10  LMHSNM313
Fragaria daltoniana Perennial0.3 -  LMHSNM213
Fragaria iinumaeStrawberryPerennial0.3 -  LMHSNM20 
Fragaria moschataHautbois StrawberryPerennial0.5 5-9  LMHSNM302
Fragaria nilgerrensis Perennial0.2 -  LMHSNM20 
Fragaria nipponica Perennial0.3 -  LMHSNM20 
Fragaria nubicolaIndian StrawberryPerennial0.2 5-9  LMHSNM21 
Fragaria orientalis Perennial0.2 -  LMHSNM30 
Fragaria ovalisRocky Mountain StrawberryPerennial0.2 -  LMHSNM30 
Fragaria vescaWild Strawberry, Woodland strawberry, California strawberryPerennial0.3 4-8  LMHSNM333
Fragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'Alpine StrawberryPerennial0.3 4-8  LMHSNM53 
Fragaria virginianaScarlet Strawberry, Virginia strawberryPerennial0.3 3-7  LMHSNM322
Fragaria viridisGreen StrawberryPerennial0.3 5-9  LMHSNM303

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

Expert comment

Author

Duchesne.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Barry Brine   Thu Dec 11 2008

My name is Barry, from South Australia and I am desperately searching for cambridge vigour strawberry seeds to bring into Australia. Can you please help me. My email address is [email protected]

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