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Fragaria moschata - Duchesne.

Common Name Hautbois Strawberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forests and shrubberies, and amongst tall grass[74].
Range C. Europe. Perhaps occasionally naturalized in Britain.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Fragaria moschata Hautbois Strawberry

Fragaria moschata Hautbois Strawberry


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Fragaria moschata is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from April to July, and the seeds ripen from June to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


F. elatior.


Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Ground Cover; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw. Sweet and succulent. The fruit is small but has an excellent flavour and is very aromatic[61, 142, 183, K]. It is greatly superior to the cultivated strawberries, but is not very freely produced[K].

Medicinal Uses

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None known

Other Uses

An excellent ground cover plant, spreading vigorously by means of surface stolons and forming a dense carpet of growth[K]. It grows well amongst shrubs but is likely to suffocate smaller plants[K].

Cultivation details

Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[200]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced[38]. Another report says that this species prefers shade[74]. Succeeds in acid and alkaline soils[38]. Likes a mulch of pine or spruce leaves[18, 24]. At one time this species was widely cultivated for its edible fruit, but it is fairly low yielding and has now been almost totally superseded by cultivars of F. x. ananassa[17]. There are some named varieties[183]. The flowers are usually unisexual[200]. (This report does not say if the plants are dioecious or monoecious.) This species produces few or no stolons[200].

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Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer. Division of runners, preferably done in July/August in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[200]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required, though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
FragariaStrawberry, Beach strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry, Virginia strawber30
Fragaria bracteataWoodland Strawberry20
Fragaria californicaCalifornian Strawberry21
Fragaria chiloensisBeach Strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry21
Fragaria daltoniana 21
Fragaria iinumaeStrawberry20
Fragaria nilgerrensis 20
Fragaria nipponica 20
Fragaria nubicolaIndian Strawberry21
Fragaria orientalis 30
Fragaria ovalisRocky Mountain Strawberry30
Fragaria vescaWild Strawberry, Woodland strawberry, California strawberry33
Fragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'Alpine Strawberry53
Fragaria virginianaScarlet Strawberry, Virginia strawberry32
Fragaria viridisGreen Strawberry30
Fragaria x ananassaStrawberry50


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Botanical References


Links / References

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Readers comment

Dr P.C. Luttikhuizen   Mon Jan 17 14:29:00 2005

Fragaria moschata is dioecious. This is on the basis of work by Duchesne in 1965, as cited in J.K. Jones: J.K. Jones (1995) Strawberry. Pp. 412-418 in: 'Evolution of crop plants' 2nd edition. Eds. J. Smartt & N. W. Simmonds. Longman Scientific & Technical, England.

Jon Singer   Sun Feb 3 2008

Dr. Luttikhuizen is correct. I have had a female plant of 'Profumata di Tortona' for over a decade, and although the plant is healthy I have never seen a single mature fruit. It is necessary to have male and female plants. Moreover, _F._moschata_ is apparently hexaploid, and does not cross well with other _Fragaria_ species.

jeoda   Sun Feb 1 2009

"Profumata di Tortona" must be crossed with another musk strawberry, such as "Capron"and vise-versa,to produce fruits

Marko Markkanen   Wed Sep 30 2009

Our versions of these plants are not hermaphrodite. Stamen and pistil plants should be kept separated or most likely the stamen plants will loose. They are hard to identify from each other.

tel   Tue Nov 24 2009

I object to the statement that this species produces few or no stolons. in my experience, it produces stolons quite freely.

This is an informational site with photos about musk strawberries.   Dec 31 2010 12:00AM

I have been growing musk strawberries for a number of years. I have to admit that the fruit is my favority strawberry fruit. It is very difficult to describe the taste. I have heard it described as a mix of raspberry, pineapple and strawberry tastes but that doesn't do it justice. I have 3 varieties currently that I sell as plants. The plants are very strong growing and spend a LOT of energy producing runners. These plants can out compete some of the weeds due to their vigor.
Musk Strawberries

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