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Fragaria chiloensis - (L.)Duchesne.

Common Name Beach Strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Grows in scrub near the coast from Chile to western N. America[71].
Range S. America to N. America.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Fragaria chiloensis Beach Strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry,  Sandwich beach strawberry


http://www.flickr.com/people/38213125@N00
Fragaria chiloensis Beach Strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry,  Sandwich beach strawberry
http://www.flickr.com/photos/78425154@N00

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Fragaria chiloensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from June to July. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms

F. cuneifolia.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Ground Cover; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 27, 101, 183, 257]. Large, sweet and succulent with a delicate flavour[183]. A delicious treat[K]. The berries can be used to make jams, preserves etc[257]. A tea can be made from the leaves[257].

Medicinal Uses



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Antiseptic;  Astringent;  Emmenagogue;  Galactogogue;  Odontalgic.

The plant is antiseptic, astringent, emmenagogue, galactogogue and odontalgic[172]. It has been used to regulate the menstrual cycle[172]. A poultice of the chewed leaves has been used to treat burns[257].

Other Uses

Plants spread by means of runners and can be grown as a ground cover[208].

Cultivation details

Prefers a fertile, well-drained, moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[27, 200]. Tolerates semi-shade though fruit production will be reduced. Grows best near the coast[27]. Plants like a mulch of pine or spruce leaves[18]. Cultivated for its edible fruit in the Andes[61]. This species, along with F. virginiana, is probably a parent of the cultivated strawberries[46]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. The seed can take 4 weeks or more to germinate. The seedlings are very small and slow-growing at first, but then grow rapidly. Prick them out into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out during the summer. Division of runners, preferably done in July/August in order to allow the plants to become established for the following years crop[200]. They can also be moved in the following spring if required, though should not then be allowed to fruit in their first year. The runners can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
FragariaStrawberry, Beach strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry, Virginia strawber30
Fragaria bracteataWoodland Strawberry20
Fragaria californicaCalifornian Strawberry21
Fragaria daltoniana 21
Fragaria iinumaeStrawberry20
Fragaria moschataHautbois Strawberry30
Fragaria nilgerrensis 20
Fragaria nipponica 20
Fragaria nubicolaIndian Strawberry21
Fragaria orientalis 30
Fragaria ovalisRocky Mountain Strawberry30
Fragaria vescaWild Strawberry, Woodland strawberry, California strawberry33
Fragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'Alpine Strawberry53
Fragaria virginianaScarlet Strawberry, Virginia strawberry32
Fragaria viridisGreen Strawberry30
Fragaria x ananassaStrawberry50

 

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Expert comment

Author

(L.)Duchesne.

Botanical References

71200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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Subject : Fragaria chiloensis  
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