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Firmiana - (L.)W.Wight.

Common Name Chinese Parasol Tree, Chinese parasoltree, Japanese Varnish Tree, Chinese Parasol Tree
Family Sterculiaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Along the sides of roads at low altitudes[109].
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Firmiana Chinese Parasol Tree, Chinese parasoltree, Japanese Varnish Tree, Chinese  Parasol Tree


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Firmiana Chinese Parasol Tree, Chinese parasoltree, Japanese Varnish Tree, Chinese  Parasol Tree
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Cillas

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Oval, Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Firmiana is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 9. It is in flower in July. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant).
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

F. platinifolia. Hibiscus simplex. Sterculia mariesii. S. platinifolia.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Seed - roasted[105, 177]. An oily texture[178].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


Astringent, salve[178]. The seed is antiphlogistic, expectorant and refrigerant[218]. A decoction of the roots is used to reduce swellings[218]. A lotion of the leaves is used in the treatment of carbuncles, haemorrhoids and sores[218].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

A fibre is obtained by retting the bark[46, 61]. It is used for coarse cordage[109] and cloth[178]. A hair wash is made from the leaves and fibre[178]. Wood. Used for making furniture and coffins[46, 61, 178].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Pest tolerant, Pollard, Specimen. Prefers a good sandy loam[1]. Requires a well-drained but moisture-retentive fertile soil in full sun or light shade[188]. Plants are not very hardy in Britain, they succeed outdoors in the mildest parts of the country[11, 166], though they do not reach tree-size[188]. Trees cast a heavy shade[178]. Special Features:Not North American native, Naturalizing, Attractive flowers or blooms.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a warm greenhouse[200]. The stored seed can be sown in the early spring in a greenhouse[1] and usually germinates within 2 months[K]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Consider giving the plants some protection from the cold for at least their first winter outdoors.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Firmiana simplexChinese Parasol Tree, Chinese parasoltree, Japanese Varnish Tree, Chinese Parasol TreeTree15.0 7-10 FLMSNM11 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

(L.)W.Wight.

Botanical References

11109200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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