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Ficus annulata - Blume

Common Name Huan wen rong, Nizhangde
Family Moraceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Montane forests at elevations from 500 - 1,300 metres in China[266 ]. A mid-canopy tree in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests at elevations up to 600 metres. Usually on alluvial sites near rivers and streams, but also on hillsides and ridges[653 ].
Range E. Asia - southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Ficus annulata Huan wen rong, Nizhangde


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Ficus annulata Huan wen rong, Nizhangde
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Ficus annulata is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Wasps.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Ficus balabacensis Quisumb. Ficus flavescens Blume Ficus valida Blume Urostigma annulatum (Blume) Miq. Urostigma depressum Miq. Urostigma flavescens (Blume) Miq. Urostigma validum Miq.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Leaves - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[317 ].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

A latex is obtained from the plant. A high quality rubber can be made from it[317 ].

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Hydrocarbon  Management: Standard  Regional Crop

Found in the wild on sandy to clay soils[653 ]. Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit. The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[413 ].

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Ara susu, Kara, Kayu ara, Naung-tha-phan, Than-thay,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Brunei, China, Indochina, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pacific, Philippines, SE Asia, Thailand, Vietnam,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ficus caricaFig, Edible fig, Fig Common42
Ficus coronataSandpaper Fig00
Ficus elasticaRubber Plant. India Rubber Tree22
Ficus macrophyllaMoreton Bay Fig10
Ficus palmataWild Fig, Punjab fig21
Ficus racemosaCluster Fig32
Opuntia ficus-indicaPrickly Pear, Barbary fig32
Rubus magnificus 20

 

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Author

Blume

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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