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Ficus - Blume

Common Name Huan wen rong, Nizhangde
Family Moraceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Montane forests at elevations from 500 - 1,300 metres in China[266 ]. A mid-canopy tree in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests at elevations up to 600 metres. Usually on alluvial sites near rivers and streams, but also on hillsides and ridges[653 ].
Range E. Asia - southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Ficus Huan wen rong, Nizhangde


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Ficus Huan wen rong, Nizhangde
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Ficus is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10. The flowers are pollinated by Wasps.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Ficus balabacensis Quisumb. Ficus flavescens Blume Ficus valida Blume Urostigma annulatum (Blume) Miq. Urostigma depressum Miq. Urostigma flavescens (Blume) Miq. Urostigma validum Miq.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Leaves - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[317 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Composition
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food.
Fruit (Dry weight)
  • 352 Calories per 100g
  • Water : 0%
  • Protein: 6g; Fat: 1.2g; Carbohydrate: 89g; Fibre: 7g; Ash: 3.8g;
  • Minerals - Calcium: 220mg; Phosphorus: 133mg; Iron: 2.7mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 9mg; Potassium: 862mg; Zinc: 0mg;
  • Vitamins - A: 347mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.25mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0.25mg; Niacin: 2mg; B6: 0mg; C: 9.22mg;
  • Reference: [ 218]
  • Notes:

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

A latex is obtained from the plant. A high quality rubber can be made from it[317 ].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Found in the wild on sandy to clay soils[653 ]. Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit. The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[413 ].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Fahrenheit:

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Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Ara susu, Kara, Kayu ara, Naung-tha-phan, Than-thay,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Brunei, China, Indochina, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pacific, Philippines, SE Asia, Thailand, Vietnam,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Ficus annulataHuan wen rong, NizhangdeTree25.0 10-12 MLMHNM203
Ficus caricaFig, Edible fig, Fig CommonTree6.0 6-10 MLMHNDM422
Ficus coronataSandpaper FigTree12.0 8-11  LMHSNM313
Ficus elasticaRubber Plant. India Rubber TreeTree50.0 9-12 FLMHSNM223
Ficus macrophyllaMoreton Bay FigTree35.0 9-11  LMHSNM103
Ficus palmataWild Fig, Punjab figTree9.0 0-0  LMHNDM212
Ficus racemosaCluster FigTree12.0 9-12 FLMHSNM322
Opuntia ficus-indicaPrickly Pear, Barbary figPerennial5.0 8-11  LMND323
Rubus magnificus Shrub0.0 -  LMHSNM201

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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