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Fagus japonica - Maxim.

Common Name Japanese Beech
Family Fagaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, large quantities of the seed of many species in this genus are thought to be toxic.
Habitats Mountains in C. and S. Japan.
Range E. Asia - Japan.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Fagus japonica Japanese Beech


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Fagus japonica Japanese Beech

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Fagus japonica is a deciduous Tree growing to 22 m (72ft 2in) at a slow rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 5 and is not frost tender. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves  Oil  Seed
Edible Uses: Coffee  Oil

Young leaves - raw. A very nice mild flavour, but the leaves quickly become tough so only the youngest should be used. New growth is usually produced for 2 periods of 3 weeks each year, one in spring and one in mid-summer. Edible seed - raw or cooked. Rich in oil. The raw seed should not be eaten in large quantities, see the notes above on toxicity. It can be dried and ground into a powder. An edible semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed[105, 177]. The roasted seed is a coffee substitute.

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Oil

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Thrives on a light or medium soil[11], doing well on chalk[1], but ill-adapted for heavy wet soils[1]. Young trees are very shade tolerant, but are subject to frost damage so are best grown in a woodland position which will protect them[200]. Although very cold hardy, this species requires hotter summers than are normally experienced in Britain so is not usually a success here and is very slow growing[200]. Trees have surface-feeding roots and also cast a dense shade. This greatly inhibits the growth of other plants and, especially where a number of the trees are growing together, the ground beneath them is often almost devoid of vegetation.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - the seed has a short viability and is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. Protect the seed from mice. Germination takes place in the spring. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seedlings are slow growing for the first few years and are very susceptible to damage by late frosts. The seed can also be sown in an outdoor seedbed in the autumn. The seedlings can be left in the open ground for three years before transplanting, but do best if put into their final positions as soon as possible and given some protection from spring frosts.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Epifagus virginianaBeechdrops 0.0 0-0  LMHSNM00 
Fagus crenataJapanese BeechTree35.0 4-8 SLMFSNDM20 
Fagus grandifoliaAmerican BeechTree10.0 4-8 SLMFSNDM223
Fagus longipetiolata Tree22.0 -  LMFSNDM20 
Fagus lucida Tree15.0 5-9  LMFSNDM20 
Fagus orientalisOriental BeechTree20.0 4-8 MLMFSNDM20 
Fagus sylvaticaBeech, European beech, Common BeechTree30.0 4-7 MLMHFSNDM424
Nothofagus betuloides Tree20.0 6-9 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus cunninghamiiMyrtle BeechTree55.0 8-11 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus fuscaRed BeechTree35.0 8-11 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus menziesiiSilver BeechTree20.0 8-11 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus obliquaRoblé, Roble beechTree20.0 6-9 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus proceraRauliTree20.0 6-9 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus pumilioLengaTree40.0 6-9 MLMHNM10 
Nothofagus solanderiBlack BeechTree30.0 7-10 FLMHNM00 
Nothofagus solanderi cliffortioidesMountain BeechTree30.0 7-10 FLMHNM00 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

Maxim.

Botanical References

1158200

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