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Euphorbia antisyphilitica - Zucc.

Common Name Candelilla
Family Euphorbiaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards The sap contains a latex which is toxic on ingestion and highly irritant externally, causing photosensitive skin reactions and severe inflammation, especially on contact with eyes or open cuts. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material[200]. Prolonged and regular contact with the sap is inadvisable because of its carcinogenic nature[214].
Habitats Deserts.
Range Southern N. America - Texas to Mexico.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Euphorbia antisyphilitica Candelilla


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Euphorbia antisyphilitica Candelilla
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Summary

Euphorbia cerifera Alcocer is a synonym of Euphorbia antisyphilitica Zucc.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Euphorbia antisyphilitica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf all year. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Euphorbia cerifera Alcocer

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Gum

A wax from the plant can be used to make chewing gum[46, 61].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Gum  Wax

A wax is obtained from the whole plant and is used as a polish, water proofer, for making records, lighting etc[21, 46, 57, 61]. The wax exudes from the plant pores and forms a thin skin on the stems. Most is produced in the winter and it is extracted by boiling up the plant[171]. Carbon Farming - Industrial Crop: wax.

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

Cultivation details

Experimental Crop  Industrial Crop: Wax  Management: Coppice

Prefers a light well-drained moderately rich loam in an open position[200]. Requires ample water in the growing season but very dry conditions in the winter[1]. We are not sure if his plant can be grown outdoors in Britain[K], one report says that this plant is hardy to zone 8 (which experiences temperatures down to -5°c)[200]. Another report says that minimum winter temperatures of 8 - 10°c are ample for the plant to survive[1]. Hybridizes with other members of this genus[200]. The ripe seed is released explosively from the seed capsules[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer and rabbits[233]. This genus has been singled out as a potential source of latex (for making rubber) for the temperate zone, although no individual species has been singled out[141].

Carbon Farming

  • Experimental Crop  Plant breeders are testing these plants to see if they could be domesticated for cultivation, but they are still in an experimental phase. Examples include milkweed and leafy spurge.
  • Industrial Crop: Wax  Water resistant, malleable substances. Currently, most commercial wax is made from paraffin - a fossil fuel.
  • Management: Coppice  Cut to the ground repeatedly - resprouting vigorously. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a warm greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings can be taken throughout the growing season. Leave them to dry and callus for 2 weeks before potting them up[1].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

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Aleurites cordataJapan Wood-Oil TreeTree7.0 9-11  LMSNM00 
Aleurites fordiiTung Tree, Tung Oil Tree, Wood Oil Tree ChinaTree7.0 8-10 FLMSNM13 
Aleurites moluccanusCandle Nut, Country WalnutTree20.0 10-12 FLMHNDM334
Caryodendron orinocenseTaccy Nut, Nuez de BarinasTree25.0 10-12 FLMHNM312
Chrozophora tinctoriaDyer's Croton, GiradolPerennial0.0 0-0  LMHSNM10 
Cnidoscolus aconitifoliusTree Spinach, Tread Softly, Cabbage Star, ChayaShrub5.0 9-11 FLMHSNM432
Cnidoscolus elasticusHighland chilteShrub1.0 9-11 FLMHNDM004
Croton lechleriSangre De Grado, Dragon's bloodTree12.0 10-12 FLMHNM041
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Croton salutarisSangre De Grado, Dragon's bloodTree12.0 10-12 FLMNM040
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Euphorbia abyssinicaCandelabra SpurgeTree7.5 10-12 MLMSND022
Euphorbia corollataWild Spurge, Flowering spurgePerennial1.0 4-8  LMSNDM02 
Euphorbia drummondiiCaustic WeedAnnual0.2 -  LMNDM01 
Euphorbia esulaLeafy Spurge. Green spurgePerennial1.0 3-9 FLMHSNDM004
Euphorbia helioscopiaMadwoman's MilkAnnual0.4 -  LMNDM12 
Euphorbia hirtaAsthma Weed, Pill-Bearing SpurgeAnnual0.3 -  LMNDM13 
Euphorbia humifusa Annual0.2 -  LMNDM12 
Euphorbia intisyIntisy, Pencil PlantShrub5.0 10-12 FLMSND003
Euphorbia ipecacuanhaeAmerican Ipec 0.0 -  LMHSNM01 
Euphorbia lacteaMottled SpurgeShrub5.0 10-11 MLMHSNDM004
Euphorbia lathyrisCaper Spurge, MoleplantAnnual/Biennial1.0 5-9  LMHSNDM12 
Euphorbia marginataMountain Snow, Ghost Spurge, Ghost WeedAnnual0.6 4-8 FLMNDM110
Euphorbia neriifoliaFleshy spurge, Hedge Euphorbia, Oleander spurgeShrub4.0 10-12 FLMSND222
Euphorbia pekinensisDa JiPerennial0.6 -  LMNDM03 
123

 

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Expert comment

Author

Zucc.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Thu Jul 28 17:29:15 2005

It would be nice if you had a picture on the web site.

PerU   Sun Nov 27 2005

am wondering about the Euphorbia Cerifera listed as an ingredient in "Design Line Stick Wax (hair) Texturizer" (a hair sculpting product). Are the carcinogens in the sap removed when the wax is refined ? Have heard that the milky sap from Euphorbia cactus can blind you if it gets in your eyes ? Is it a bad idea to use this product on my hair ? Or do you know if it is considered safe ? thank you PerU Punti@mindspring.com

Josephine Geregory   Fri Dec 12 2008

In September I got the milky sap on to my skin and within an hour I had a large blister on my thumb. This appears to be going but the starts up again, goes red and when touched, pops and outs comes this gloopy looking stuff resembling u-hoo glue. I am worried that it is getting into my system? Can you give me an answer to my question. Thank you.

Euphorbia

david n   Sun Dec 14 2008

I'd see a doctor.

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