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Eryngium aquaticum - L.

Common Name Button Snakeroot, Rattlesnakemaster
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Wet soils or uplands[235].
Range Eastern N. America - New Jersey to Florida.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Eryngium aquaticum Button Snakeroot, Rattlesnakemaster


Jim Stasz @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Eryngium aquaticum Button Snakeroot, Rattlesnakemaster
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 2: 622.

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Eryngium aquaticum is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1.2 m (4ft).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 6. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Bog Garden; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Antidote  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Emetic  Expectorant  Homeopathy

The plant is diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant and in large doses emetic[207]. It is used mainly in the treatment of disorders of the kidneys and sexual organs[238, 257]. It has been used as an antidote to snake poison[207, 257]. The pounded roots are used as a diuretic[213]. An infusion of them is used to reduce fevers[213]. The plant is used as an antidote to snakebites. The roots are chewed and applied to the bite[213]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh or dried root[4].

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Requires a well-drained soil and a sunny position[1]. Prefers a light sandy soil but tolerates most soil types including lime and poor gravels[200]. Plants should be put in their final position whilst small since they resent root disturbance[200]. Plants labelled in nurseries as E. aquaticum are often E. yuccifolium[200].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in early autumn on the surface of a well-drained compost in a cold frame[200]. The seed can also be sown in spring. It usually germinates in 5 - 90 days at 20°c. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in early spring or autumn. Take care since the plant resents root disturbance[200]. Root cuttings in autumn or winter[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Eryngium campestreField EryngoPerennial0.6 5-9  LMNDM22 
Eryngium caucasicum Perennial1.0 -  LMNDM01 
Eryngium creticumEryngoPerennial0.6 0-0  LMNDM11 
Eryngium graecum Perennial0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Eryngium maritimumSea Holly, Seaside eryngoPerennial0.5 4-8  LMNDM332
Eryngium pandanifolium Perennial2.5 7-10  LMNDM00 
Eryngium planumPlains eryngo, Blue Cap, Eringoe, Eryngo, Flat Sea HollyPerennial0.7 5-9 MLMHNDM01 
Eryngium ternatum Perennial0.6 -  LMNDM01 
Eryngium viride Perennial0.0 -  LMNDM10 
Eryngium yuccifoliumButton EryngoPerennial1.0 4-8  LMNDM02 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

L.

Botanical References

200235

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

venugopal   Tue Sep 1 2009

may i know the name in tamil and where can i get the seed for propagation

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