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Epilobium hirsutum - L.

Common Name Codlins And Cream
Family Onagraceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards One report says that the plant might be poisonous[179]. Another says that it causes epileptiform convulsions[240].
Habitats Stream banks, marshes, drier parts of fens etc, to 360 metres[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Sweden south and east to N. E. and S. Africa, temperate Asia.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Moist Soil Full sun
Epilobium hirsutum Codlins And Cream


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Epilobium hirsutum Codlins And Cream
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Epilobium hirsutum is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). It is in flower from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies. The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves
Edible Uses: Tea

The leaves are used to make a tea[183]. This is often drunk in Russia, where it is called 'kaporie tea'[4]. The leaves are also sometimes sucked for their salty taste[183]. Edible leaves[177]. No more details are given in the report but caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Astringent

The leaves have been used as astringents, but there are some reports of violent poisoning with epileptic-like convulsions as a result of its use[4].

References

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Noted for attracting wildlife. Scented.

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife  Food Forest  Scented Plants

References

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most soils[1]. Prefers a well-drained but moisture retentive soil in a sunny position[200] or in partial shade[187]. A vigorous and invasive plant, only really suitable for larger areas in the wild garden where this habit is not a nuisance[200]. The stems and leaves are covered with a soft down that emits the smell of the Moss Rose and Eglantine. The plants have the refreshing scent of ripe apples[245]. A good late source of nectar for bees[200]. In garden design, as well as the above-ground architecture of a plant, root structure considerations help in choosing plants that work together for their optimal soil requirements including nutrients and water. The root pattern is fibrous dividing into a large number of fine roots [2-1].

References

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in situ or as soon as the seed is ripe. Division in spring or autumn. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Epilobium angustifoliumWillow HerbPerennial2.0 3-7 FLMHSNDM322
Epilobium coloratumPurpleleaf willowherbPerennial0.8 0-0  LMHSNM10 
Epilobium glabellum Perennial0.2 7-10  LMHSNM11 
Epilobium latifoliumRiver BeautyPerennial0.4 4-8  LMHSNM321
Epilobium macranthum  0.0 -  LMHSNM11 
Epilobium palustreMarsh Willow HerbPerennial0.4 -  LMHSNM10 
Epilobium parviflorumCodlins And Cream, Smallflower hairy willowherbPerennial0.6 0-0  LMHNMWe20 
Epilobium pyrricholophum Perennial0.8 -  LMHSNM10 
Epilobium tetragonumSquare-Stemmed Willow HerbPerennial0.6 -  LMHSNM10 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

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