We need to raise £10,000 from user donations to get our finances in balance. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Ephedra viridis - Coville.

Common Name Mormon Tea, Brigham Tea, Long Leaf Ephedra, Mountain Joint Fir, Mormon Tea, Ephedra
Family Ephedraceae
USDA hardiness 6-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry rocky slopes, gravel terraces and canyon walls, often on limestone, at elevations of 800 - 2500 metres[270].
Range South-western N. America - California to Colorado and Arizona.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Half Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Ephedra viridis Mormon Tea, Brigham Tea, Long Leaf Ephedra, Mountain Joint Fir, Mormon Tea, Ephedra


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
Ephedra viridis Mormon Tea, Brigham Tea, Long Leaf Ephedra, Mountain Joint Fir, Mormon Tea, Ephedra
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs

 

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary

Bloom Color: Green. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late winter. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Ephedra viridis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). . The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - raw. A sweet flavour. Seed - cooked. A bitter flavour, it is roasted and ground into a powder and used to make a bread or mush[183]. A delicious tea is made by steeping the green or dried twigs in boiling water[183, 257]. The flavour is said to be improved if the stems are roasted first[183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Blood purifier;  Diuretic;  Kidney;  Poultice;  Stomachic;  Tonic;  VD.

This plant has a wide reputation as a cure for syphilis[216]. A strong decoction of the stems was drunk and a poultice of the pulverized or boiled stems applied to the sores[257]. The stems are blood purifier, diuretic and tonic[257]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of coughs and colds, anaemia, rheumatism, stomach ulcers and other disorders, kidney problems[257]. The dried, powdered stems are used as a dressing on sores and burns[257]. The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system[K]. The whole plant can be used at much lower concentrations than the isolated constituents - unlike using the isolated ephedrine, using the whole plant rarely gives rise to side-effects[254]. Ephedra does not cure asthma but in many cases it is very effective in treating the symptoms and thus making life somewhat easier for the sufferer. The stems can be used fresh or dried and are usually made into a tea, though they can also be eaten raw[K]. The young stems are best if eating them raw, though older stems can be used if a tea is made[K]. The stems can be harvested at any time of the year and are dried for later use[238].

Other Uses

Dye.

The twigs, boiled with alum, produce a light tan dye[257].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden. Requires a well-drained loamy soil and a sunny position[11]. Established plants are drought resistant and are also lime tolerant[200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain, it succeeds well in a cold greenhouse but is often killed outdoors by a combination of cold and wet conditions[200]. Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if fruit and seed is required.Special Features:Attractive foliage, North American native.

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a greenhouse[200]. It can also be sown in spring in a greenhouse in a sandy compost[K]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out in the spring or early summer after the last expected frosts and give some protection in their first winter[K]. Division in spring or autumn[238]. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ephedra altissimaHigh-climbing jointfir13
Ephedra americana andina 23
Ephedra ciliata 13
Ephedra distachyaSea Grape, Jointfir24
Ephedra equisetinaMuzei Ma Huang, Ma huang14
Ephedra fragilis 24
Ephedra gerardianaMa Huang, Gerard jointfir24
Ephedra intermediaZhong Ma Huang14
Ephedra majorMa Huang14
Ephedra nevadensisMormon Tea, Nevada jointfir33
Ephedra pachyclada 23
Ephedra sinicaMa Huang, Chinese ephedra14
Ephedra torreyanaMexican Tea, Torrey's jointfir23
Ephedra triandra 13
Ephedra trifurcaLongleaf Jointfir12

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

Coville.

Botanical References

200270

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

David   Sat Mar 29 2008

I really enjoyed this site. I am trying to learn more about the benefits of ephedra and other plants and herbs. Thank you David

myspace

NoRust   Sat Jun 13 2009

Drumlib's Health Research Review This site has a LOT of info about ephedra.

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Ephedra viridis  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.