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Encelia farinosa - Gray.

Common Name Brittle Bush, Brittlebush, Incienso
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry stony slopes to 1000 metres[71].
Range South-western N. America - California to Utah and Arizona.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Encelia farinosa Brittle Bush, Brittlebush, Incienso


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
Encelia farinosa Brittle Bush, Brittlebush, Incienso
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Late winter, Mid spring. Form: Irregular or sprawling, Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Encelia farinosa is a deciduous Shrub growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in flower in May. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Gum.

A gum that exudes from the ends of mature stems is used for chewing[61, 161, 177]. It is aromatic[207].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Odontalgic.

A decoction of the blossoms, leaves and stems has been held in the mouth to alleviate a toothache[257]. A poultice of the plant has been used to alleviate pain[257].

Other Uses

Adhesive;  Fuel;  Gum;  Incense;  Resin;  Varnish;  Waterproofing.

A resin that exudes from the ends of mature stems is used as a glue and as an incense in the home and in church[61, 177, 181, 207, 257]. It has also been used to waterproof containers and has been melted then used as a varnish[257]. The resinous branches have been used to make a quick fire[257].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Erosion control, Ground cover, Massing, Specimen. Requires a very warm sunny position in a deep very well-drained soil[200, 260]. Plants strongly resent wet conditions, especially in the winter[200]. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. Another report says that the plants will tolerate temperatures down to -12°c if they are in quite dry conditions[260]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. Plants have a taproot and resent root disturbance[200]. They should be planted out into their permanent positions whilst still small, though they will then need protection from the cold for their first winter or so[K]. Special Features: North American native, Fragrant foliage, Blooms are very showy.

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Only just cover the seed and pot up the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle[200]. Grow on in a greenhouse for at least their first winter, making sure the pots are deep enough to accommodate the tap root, and plant out in early summer. Cuttings, in pure sand, in a frame[200]. The report does not specify the type of cutting.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

Gray.

Botanical References

71200

Links / References

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